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Applied Physics Letters : The enhancement of ZnO nanowalls photoco...

By: F. Fang, D. X. Zhao, B. H. Li, Z. Z. Zhang, J. Y. Zhang et al

Description: 10 nm sized hexagonal CdS nanoparticles were decorated on the surface of well-aligned ZnO nanowall through a facile hydrothermal approach. The effects of CdS-cap layer on the optical and photoelectrical properties of ZnO nanowalls have been studied. It was found the CdS acted not only as a passivation layer to suppress the detrimental surface states of ZnO nanowalls, which reduced the deep-level emissions, but also as an interfacial carrier transport layer t...

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Physics of Plasmas : Spectroscopic study on rotational and vibrati...

By: Xiao-Jiang Huang, Yu Xin, Lei Yang, Quan-Hua Yuan, and Zhao-Yuan Ning

Description: By using optical emission spectroscopy, the vibrational and rotational temperatures of N2 and N2+ in capacitively coupled plasma (CCP) discharges driven by dual-frequency 41 MHz and 2 MHz are investigated. The vibrational and rotational temperatures are measured based on the N2+ first negative system and N2 second positive system overlapped molecular emission optical spectrum, using the method of comparing the measured and calculated spectra with a least-squ...

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Biblioteca Hispanica : Outline Natural History

By: Antonio Gascon Soriano
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Physics of Fluids : Breakup of the tail of a bubble in a non-Newto...

By: Enrique Soto, Roberto Zenit, and Octavio Manero

Description:

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Applied Physics Letters : Thermal sintering of solution-deposited ...

By: Heng Pan, Seung H. Ko, and Costas P. Grigoropoulos

Description: Low-temperature sintering of metal nanoparticle inks is a promising technique in realizing large area and flexible electronics. It is demonstrated in this letter that spectroscopic ellipsometry in the spectral region of 0.75–3.5 eV can be employed to characterize the sintering process manifested by the evolution of film thickness, effective dielectric function, and percolation transition. A two-oscillator model can be used to model the effective dielectric f...

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Biblioteca Hispanica : the Water on Earth Studies on the Origin Re...

By: Silvino Thos and Codina

Description: Hydrology

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Chaos : Stability diagram for the forced Kuramoto model

By: Lauren M. Childs and Steven H. Strogatz

Description: We analyze the periodically forced Kuramoto model. This system consists of an infinite population of phase oscillators with random intrinsic frequencies, global sinusoidal coupling, and external sinusoidal forcing. It represents an idealization of many phenomena in physics, chemistry, and biology in which mutual synchronization competes with forced synchronization. In other words, the oscillators in the population try to synchronize with one another while al...

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Review of Scientific Instruments : Velocity map imaging in time of...

By: M. Brouard, E. K. Campbell, A. J. Johnsen, C. Vallance, W. H. Yuen et al

Description: A new variation on time of flight mass spectrometry is presented, which uses a fast framing charge coupled device camera to velocity map image multiple product masses in a single acquisition. The technique is demonstrated on two photofragmentation processes, those of CS2 and CH3S2CH3 (dimethyldisulfide) at a photolysis wavelength of 193 nm. In both cases, several mass fragments are imaged simultaneously, and speed distributions and anisotropy parameters are ...

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Journal of Applied Physics : Strain relaxation in InAs self-assemb...

By: J. F. Chen, C. H. Yang, Y. H. Wu, L. Chang, and J. Y. Chi

Description: The effect of a high N incorporation in self-assembled InAs quantum dots (QDs) is investigated by analyzing the electronic and structural properties around QD region. Capacitance-voltage profiling and admittance spectroscopy shows that N incorporation into the InAs QD layer leads to drastic carrier depletion in the QD layer and neighboring GaAs layers due to the formation of a deep defect state at 0.34–0.41 eV. The signature of this defect state is similar t...

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Biblioteca Hispanica : Programme Notions of Natural History with P...

By: Candido Rivers and Rial
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Physics of Fluids : Numerical study of the Guderley and Vasilev re...

By: Andrea Defina, Francesca Maria Susin, and Daniele Pietro Viero

Description: We present high-resolution numerical solutions of the depth-averaged two-dimensional inviscid shallow water equations which provide new information on shock reflection configuration within the von Neumann paradox conditions. The computed flow field and shock wave patterns close to the triple point for the Guderley and the Vasilev reflections confirm the four-wave theory. We suggest that the most likely Guderley reflection model is a four-wave pattern with a ...

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Physics of Plasmas : Laser mode effects on the ion acceleration du...

By: M. Chen, A. Pukhov, Z. M. Sheng, and X. Q. Yan

Description: Ion acceleration by circularly polarized laser pulses interacting with foil targets is studied using two dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. It is shown that laser pulses with transverse super-Gaussian profile help in avoiding target deformation as compared with the usual Gaussian pulse. This improves monochromaticity of the accelerated ion spectrum. Two kinds of surface instabilities have been found during the interaction. These instabilities can pote...

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Review of Scientific Instruments : Scalable time-correlated photon...

By: Michael Wahl, Hans-Jürgen Rahn, Tino Röhlicke, Gerald Kell, Daniel Nettels et al

Description: Time-correlated single photon counting continues to gain importance in a wide range of applications. Most prominently, it is used for time-resolved fluorescence measurements with sensitivity down to the single molecule level. While the primary goal of the method used to be the determination of fluorescence lifetimes upon optical excitation by short light pulses, recent modifications and refinements of instrumentation and methodology allow for the recovery of...

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Biblioteca Hispanica : Course Notions of Natural History Followed ...

By: Serafin Homes and Abad
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Applied Physics Letters : A flexible organic pentacene nonvolatile...

By: Ming-Feng Chang, Po-Tsung Lee, S. P. McAlister, and Albert Chin

Description: We report a pentacene thin film transistor nonvolatile memory fabricated on a flexible polyimide substrate. This device shows a low program/erase voltage of 12 V, a speed of 1/100 ms, an initial memory window of 2.4 V, and a 0.78 V memory window after 48 h. This has been achieved by using a high-κ dielectric as charge trapping, blocking, and tunneling gate insulator layers.

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The Journal of Chemical Physics : The Alzheimer ß-amyloid (Aß1–39)...

By: Priya Anand, Fateh S. Nandel, and Ulrich H. E. Hansmann

Description: Oligomers of Aβ peptides are suspected as the underlying cause of Alzheimer disease. Knowledge of their structural properties could therefore lead to a deeper understanding of the mechanism behind the outbreak of this disease. As a step in this direction we have studied Aβ dimers by all-atom molecular dynamics simulations. Equilibrated structures at 300 K were clustered into different families with similar structural features. The dominant cluster has parall...

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Journal of Applied Physics : Phase transformation sequence and mag...

By: X. Y. Xiong and T. R. Finlayson

Description: The phase transformation sequence, microstructure and compositions, and magnetic properties for a melt-spun Sm(Co0.68Fe0.2Cu0.1Zr0.02)7.5 alloy after isochronal heat treatments have been studied by using x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, three-dimensional atom probe (3DAP), and magnetometry. The as-spun ribbons had a single phase with the Cu7Tb structure. After being aged at 720 °C, the single phase decomposed into two major phases: 2:17R ...

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Journal of Applied Physics : Equivalent magnetic charge in helicoi...

By: Roberto Muscia

Description: In this paper we show that magnetostatic models of permanent magnets, based on distributions of magnetic charge and shaped by a helicoidal geometry of cylindrical type, have the volume charge density ρM equal to zero. This result is valid when (i) the modulus of the vector physical magnetization density M has a constant value in all the points of the helicoidal magnet and (ii) M has the same direction of an oriented straight line having a constant angle with...

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Journal of Applied Physics : Efficient formation of surface relief...

By: Sung-Kwan Na, Jung-Sung Kim, Seok-Ho Song, Cha-Hwan Oh, Yang-Kyoo Han et al

Description: This paper reports a method for the efficient formation of surface relief grating (SRG) on azopolymer films in which gold nanoparticles are dispersed. The height and shape of the SRG, which were formed by a two-beam interference technique, were found to be dependent on the content of gold nanoparticles. The optimum concentration of gold nanoparticles for the efficient formation of SRG was confirmed by atomic force microscopy (AFM), and the height of SRG at t...

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Journal of Applied Physics : Single dominant distribution of Ge na...

By: Seishi Abe, Masato Ohnuma, D. H. Ping, and Shigehiro Ohnuma

Description: This paper investigates size distribution of Ge nanogranules embedded in Al oxide thin film prepared by rf reactive sputtering method. It is found from the results of x-ray diffraction and small angle x-ray diffraction spectroscopy that their mean sizes distribute bimodally or single dominantly with respect to sputtering process parameter of additional oxygen ratio in Ar and Ge concentrations. Compositional plane of these distribution types reveals that sing...

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