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Definition of Design and Construction Standards

By: The World Bank

Economics

1.1. The consultants will obtain from the General Roads Directorate (GRD) the applicable design standards. The Consultant must check that these conform to European geometric, structural and traffic standards and apply them to the assessment of alternative routes and the construction specifications. 1.2. The design criteria and the proposed standards shall be reviewed and checked against projected traffic flows as part of this Study.

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Meeting with Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore Wednesday, O...

Excerpt: Yesterday morning in a frank exchange with Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore, Lee likened our experience in Vietnam to a long bus ride, from which we had several opportunities to get off, but from which we cannot now debark until the trip is successfully concluded. We could have left the scene in 1956 after the elections of that year; in 1961 because of the generally unfavorable situation; and in 1963 after Diem's death, by stating that we did not desire ...

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Mathematical Sciences : Innovations at the Interface with the Scie...

By: Government Printing Office

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: This solicitation describes many of the opportunities available for support through the Foundation’s Mathematical Sciences Priority Area (MSPA). Investments in the Mathematical Sciences will deepen support for fundamental research in mathematics and statistics, and the integration of mathematical and statistical research across the full range of science and engineering disciplines. Initial investments in interdisciplinary research will focus primarily on mathema...

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Perfect Knowledge Management

By: B. J. Rothschild

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: If in fact O were known - that is, if it were known in advance whether a year class was G, P, or C, then the correct course of action would be obvious (Figure 2). That is a) If O=G, choose H and gain 25 units. b) If O=P, choose L and gain 5 units. c) If O=C, choose Z and gain -5 units. Each action would thus, given that O is known, maximize the return. But, as it is in the real world of fisheries O is never known with certitude. Thus, procedures need to be appli...

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Geographic Information Systems in Fisheries Management and Planning

By: Gertjan de Graaf

Nutrition Reference Publication

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From Biology to Economy : Development of a Computable General Equi...

By: Pascal Bernard

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Classic bio-economic approaches have shown their interest but also their limits in helping decisions makers in fishery management. Many authors have emphasized the discrepancy between predictions of these models and current problems mainly dealing with fish resource scarcity and regulation of the fishery sector through the market. Since a decade, other methodologies based on General Equilibrium Modelling applied to the fishery sector have emerged (Bernard, 1998)...

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Globalization of Food Systems in Developing Countries : Impact on ...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The workshop ?Globalization of food systems: impact on food security and nutrition? was held at the headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome, Italy from 8 to 10 October 2003. The workshop was convened to gain a better understanding of the influence of globalization and urbanization on food systems (food supply, marketing and distribution) in developing countries and to analyse the effects of these changes on small...

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The Importance of Environment, Tourism and Development in Fisherie...

By: M. A. W. Ariyadasa

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Widespread depletion of seafood resources caused by coastal pollution, critical habitat destructionandoverfishing, is a major problem facedby most developed and developingcountries today. In a time of rapid increase in the demand for protein it is more than ever necessary to conserve and manage the productivity of coastal habitats for fish supply as lands are protected for livestock. This is mainly because most fisheries still enjoy open access and there are gen...

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Fao/ Who Workshop in Collaboration with Ilsi Applying Food Safety ...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 16 September 2002 08.00 - 09.00 Registration 09.00 - 09.15 Opening Ceremony Welcome Remarks Objectives of Workshop FAO, WHO 09.15 ? 9:45 Overview of Risk Analysis Terms, Concepts, and Components The role of risk analysis in international food trade and reducing risk of food borne diseases Risk Management and Communication overview E. Boutrif (FAO) 9:45- 10:00 Break 10:00- 10:45 Quantitative and qualitative microbial assessment methodology Quantitative Microbial ...

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The Scope of Organic Agriculture, Sustainable Forest Management an...

By: Nadia El Hage Scialabba

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Protected area management, including biodiversity conservation and local community participation (especially of indigenous people) are main discussion themes of the protected areas constituency. Although relationships and alliances between local communities and conservationists are considered (IUCN, 2002), what is less addressed are options for sustainable livelihoods within and around protected areas. Farmers and forest dwellers are the main inhabitants and use...

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Modelling Carbon Dynamics in Soils

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The ability to simulate and predict over time the fate of organic materials added to the soil, whether by litter or by additions of crop residues and organic manures through crop and land management, is fundamental to carbon accounting and to the formulation of scenarios of land use and LUC that may increase carbon sequestration. Methods for estimating and measuring changes and fluxes in SOC can be direct or indirect. Direct methods include: _ field sampling and...

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Country Report Poland

By: Adam Kaliszewski

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: As of December 2002, forests in Poland occupied 8.9 million hectares (or 28.5% of the country area). The greater part (82.5%) of the country?s forests is owned by public authorities, mostly managed by the State Forests Holding. Private forests owned by individuals account for 16.3% of the total forest area. They are in general of low level of forest management practises, low growing stock, low average age, very low technological level of timber harvesting techno...

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Risk Management - Integrated Approaches to the Management of Food ...

By: Peter Simko

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: Slovak Republic is a country where substantial social-political and economic changes have taken place during last 12 years. Since 1989, a new political, economic and social system has been built and a transition of centrally planned economy to the market one has been realised. Of course, these changes have needed to adopt a new legislation, compatible also with international laws. At present time, Slovak republic is a member of associated countries group, t...

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Participatory Upland Resource Management

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Participatory upland resource management Developing participatory and integrated watershed management. P. Warren. 1998. Community Forestry Case Study Series No. 13. Rome, FAO. This document, a case study of the FAO/Italy Inter-regional Project for Participatory Upland Conservation and Development (PUCD), focuses on the project?s experience in establishing participatory and integrated (collaborative) watershed management schemes in selected locations in five deve...

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Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission (Apfic) Manila, Philippines, 19-21...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission (APFIC) held its Twenty-seventh Session from 19 to 21 September 2001 at the Dusit Hotel Nikko, Manila, Republic of the Philippines. The Session was attended by the representatives of 18 Members of the Commission and by observers from the Asian Fisheries Society (AFS), International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM), Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA), GEF/UNDP/IMO Regional Programme on ...

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Control System for Processing Operations the Hazard Analysis and C...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system is the most widely used and internationally accepted food safety management system in the world. The main goal of applying HACCP plans in abattoirs is to ensure that animals are slaughtered and dressed under conditions that mean the meat will carry minimal public health risk. A HACCP plan has the following advantages ... it is proactive and preventive ... it is owned by the meat plant ... it is system...

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Report of the Regional Workshop on Salt-Affected Soils from Sea Wa...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Background: The Regional Workshop on Salt-Affected Soils from Sea Water Intrusion: Strategies for Rehabilitation and Management was organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and held from 31 March to 01 April 2005 in Bangkok, Thailand. In convening the workshop, FAO brought together interested parties involved in post-tsunami, salt-affected soil assessment and rehabilitation work, namely 18 government representatives from five countri...

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Globalization, Urbanization and Nutritional Change in the Developi...

By: Michelle A. Mendez

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: The clustering of populations in urban centers affects dietary patterns by changing the way people interact with their environments, as well as by changing the environments themselves in ways that transform food production and distribution systems. For example, urban living is associated with occupational patterns less compatible with home food production and consumption, and often with limited land availability for cultivation. Urbanization brings infrastructur...

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The Economics of Conservation Agriculture

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Agbamu, J.U. 1995. Analysis of farmers? characteristics in relation to adoption of soil management practices in the Ikorodu area of Nigeria. Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 39(4): 213-222. Aw-Hassan, A. & Stoecker, A. 1994. A public and private analysis of the costs of reducing soil erosion by reduced tillage systems. Current Farm Economics, 67(2): 23-39. Batie, S.S. & Taylor, D.B. 1989. Widespread adoption of non-conventional agriculture: profitabilit...

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Integrated Natural Resources Management to Enhance Food Security

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: OVER 85 PERCENT OF ETHIOPIA?S POPULAT I O N , ESTIMATED AT 64 MILLION PEOPLE, LIVE IN RURAL AREAS AND DEPEND ON NAT U R A L RESOURCES (LAND, WATER, FORESTS AND TREES) FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, FOOD SECURITY AND OTHER BASIC NECESSITIES. The country ?s population is estimated to reach 130 million by 2030. This has a serious implication on the sustainability of the natural resources base and the efforts to attain national food security given that nearly half of the...

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