World Library  



Sociolinguistics


It is the study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society. Sociolinguistics differs from sociology of language in that the focus of sociolinguistics is the effect of the society on the language, while the latter's focus is on the language's effect on the society. Sociolinguistics overlaps to a considerable degree with pragmatics. It is historically closely related to linguistic anthropology and the distinction between the two fields has even been questioned recently.

 
  • Cover Image

Sophus Peter Tromholt: an Outstanding Pioneer in Auroral Research ...

By: P. Stauning; K. Moss

Description: Guldborgvej 15, st.tv., 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark. The Danish school teacher Sophus Peter Tromholt (1851–1896) was self-taught in physics, astronomy, and auroral sciences. Still, he was one of the brightest auroral researchers of the 19th century. He was the first scientist ever to organize and analyse correlated auroral observations over a wide area (entire Scandinavia) moving away from incomplete localized observations. Tromholt documented the relat...

Brekke, A. and Egeland, A.: Nordlyset. Kulturarv og vitenskab, Grøndahl & Dreyer, Oslo, 1994.; Carrington, R. C.: Description of a singular appearance seen in the Sun on September 1, 1859, Mon. Not. Roy, Astron. Soc., 20, 13–14, 1860.; Clauer, R. C. and Siscoe, G. (Eds.): The great historical geomagnetic storm of 1859: A modern look, Adv. Space Res., 38, 115–388, 2006.; Cliver, E. W. and Svalgaard, L.: The 1859 solar-terrestrial disturbance and the current limits of extr...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Mesopause Temperature Perturbations Caused by Infrasonic Waves as ...

By: C. Schmidt; C. Pilger; K. Höppner; M. Bittner

Description: German Remote Sensing Data Center (DFD), German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany. Many geo-hazards such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, severe weather, etc., produce acoustic waves with sub-audible frequency, so called infrasound. This sound propagates from the surface to the middle and upper atmosphere causing pressure and temperature perturbations. Temperature fluctuations connected with the above mentioned events usually...

Bittner, M., Offermann, D., Graef, H. H., Donner, M., and Hamilton, K.: An 18-year time series of OH rotational temperatures and middle atmosphere decadal variations, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phy., 64, 1147–1166, 2002.; Blanc, E.: Observations in the upper atmosphere of infrasonic waves from natural or artificial sources - A summary, Ann. Geophys., 3, 673–687, 1985.; Bowman, H. S. and Bedard, A. J.: Observations of Infrasound and Subsonic Disturbances Related to Severe Weath...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Horton Laws for Hydraulic-geometric Variables and Their Scaling Ex...

By: O. J. Mesa; V. K. Gupta

Description: Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering and Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA. An analytical theory is presented to predict Horton laws for five Hydraulic-Geometric (H-G) variables (stream discharge Q, width W, depth D, velocity U, slope S, and friction n'). The theory builds on the concept of dimensional analysis, ...

Jarvis, R. S. and Woldenberg, M. J.: River networks, vol. 80, Hutchinson Ross, New York, USA, 1984.; Barenblatt, G. I.: Scaling, self-similarity, and intermediate asymptotics, Cambridge Univ Pr, 1996.; Berry, M. and Bradley, P.: The application of network analysis to the study of branching patterns of large dendritic fields, Brain Res., 109, 111–132, 1976.; Borchert, R. and Slade, N. A.: Bifurcation ratios and the adaptive geometry of trees, Botanical Gazette, 142, 394–4...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Brief Communication: 2-d Numerical Modeling of the Transformation ...

By: X. Shao; Y. Xiao; S. F. Yang; X. M. Xu; W. X. Chen

Description: National Inland Waterway Regulation Engineering Research Center, Chongqing Jiaotong University, Chongqing, 400074, China. This paper investigates the controls on the transformation mechanism among different channel patterns. A 2-D depth-averaged numerical model is applied to produce the evolution of channel patterns with complex interactions among water flow, sediment transport, and bank erosion. Changes of the variables as discharge, sediment supply, a...

Ackers, P. and Charlton, F. G.: The geometry of small meandering streams, Inst. Civ. Eng. Proc., Suppl., xii, 28–317, 1970.; Ashmore, P. E.: Laboratory modeling of gravel braided stream morphology, Earth Surf. Proc., 7, 201–225, 1982.; Ashmore, P. E.: How do gravel-bed rivers braid?, Can. J. Earth Sci., 28, 326–341, 1991.; Beam, R. M. and Warming, R. F.: Factored, a-stable, linear multistep methods: an alternative to the method of lines for multidimensions, ACM Signum Ne...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Three Examples Where the Specific Surface Area of Snow Increased O...

By: M. Sturm; F. Domine; T. A. Douglas; A.-s. Taillandier; A. Cabanes

Description: Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement, Université Joseph Fourier, BP 96, 38402 Saint-Martin d'Hères Cedex, France. Snow on the ground impacts climate through its high albedo and affects atmospheric composition through its ability to adsorb chemical compounds. The quantification of these effects requires the knowledge of the specific surface area (SSA) of snow and its rate of change. All relevant studies indicate that snow SSA decre...

Akitaya, E.: Studies on depth hoar, Contributions from the Institute of Low Temperature Science, Ser A, 26, 67~pp., 1974.; Albert, M. R. and Perron Jr., F. E.: Ice layer and surface crust permeability in a seasonal snow pack, Hydrol. Process., 14, 3207–3214, 2000.; Bergin, M. H., Jaffrezo, J.-L., Davidson, C. I., Dibb, J. E., Pandis, S. N., Hillamo, R., Maenhaut, W., Kuhns, H. D., and Makela, T.: The contribution of snow, fog, and dry deposition to the summer flux of ani...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Three Examples Where the Specific Surface Area of Snow Increased O...

By: A.-s. Taillandier; A. Cabanes; M. Sturm; F. Domine; T. A. Douglas

Description: Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l' Environnement, CNRS et Université Joseph Fourier, BP 96, 38402 Saint-Martin d'Hères Cedex, France. Snow on the ground impacts climate through its high albedo and affects atmospheric composition through its ability to adsorb chemical compounds. The quantification of these effects requires the knowledge of the specific surface area (SSA) of snow and its rate of change. All relevant studies indicate that snow ...

Waddington, E. D., Cunningham, J., and Harder, S.: The effects of snow ventilation on chemical concentrations, in: Chemical Exchange Between the Atmosphere and Polar Snow, edited by: Wolff, E. W. and Bales, R. C., Springer, 403–451, 1996.; Walden, V. P., Warren, S. G., and Tuttle, E.: Atmospheric ice crystals over the Antarctic plateau in winter, J. Appl. Meteor., 42, 1391–1405, 2003.; Akitaya, E.: Studies on depth hoar, Contrib. Inst. Low Temp. Sci., Ser. A, 26, 1–67, 1...

Read More
  • Cover Image

World Health Organization Drug Information : Volume 13, No. 2, Yea...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

Les publications de lYOrganisation mondiale de la Santk bknkficient de la protection prevue par les dispositions du Protocole no 2 de la Convention universelle pour la Protection du Droit Auteur. Les institutions gouvernementales et les soci6t6s savantes ou professionnelles peuvent, toutefois, reproduire des donnkes, des extraits ou des illustrations provenant de ces publications, sans en demander l'autorisation a IYOrganisation mondiale de la Sant6. De mcme, les revues ...

Read More
  • Cover Image

World Health Organization : Organisation Mondiale de la Sante ; Se...

By: C. H. Andrewes, M. D.

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION In fulfilling its constitutional role as the directing and co-ordinating authority on international health work, the World Health Organization has since its inception devoted considerable attention to the problems of influenza. Its Expert Committee on Influenza has recently been considering* how best to promote international collaboration in the control of this disease, while since 1947 the WHO influenza programme, details of which will be found in an articl...

Read More
  • Cover Image

World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 330: Four...

By: L. H. Collier

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION Since the last WHO Scientific Group on Trachoma Research met in 1963 more progress has been made towards clarification of the relationship between trachoma and inclusion conjunctivitis and between TRIC agents and other members of the psittacosis-lymphogranuloma-trachoma (PLT) group of organisms. Further refinements in laboratory diagnostic techniques have facilitated the study of various types of TRIC oculogenital infections and have potential value in the i...

Read More
  • Cover Image

World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 448: Worl...

By: G. L. Ada

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction The immune response comprises all the phenomena that result from the specific interaction of cells of the immune system with antigen. As a consequence of such interaction, cells appear that mediate cellular immune responses (such as delayed sensitivity, or homograft immunity) as well as cells that synthesize and secrete one of several classes of immunoglobulin.

Read More
  • Cover Image

New Englander and Yale Review : Volume 0018, Issue 72 November 186...

By: W. L. Kingsley

Description:The Yale Review is the self-proclaimed oldest literary quarterly in the United States. It is published by Yale University.

Read More
  • Cover Image

World Health Organization : Regioinal Office for Africa ; Year 199...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

DIRECTIONS TO CONTRIBUTORS Contributions on subjects relevant to the interests of the World Health Organization are invited. All papers should be addressed to the Editor, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Palais des Nations, Geneva, and should conform to the following conditions: 1. Papers should be written in English, French, or Spanish (in the case of translations of papers prepared in another language, a copy of the original should also be sent). 2. Papers sh...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Questioning in Criminal Procedure and the Criminal Investigation

By: Gia Already
Read More
  • Cover Image

Sex Considered Dangerous

By: D. Eastlake

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: Periodically there are proposals to mandate the use of a special top level name or an IP address bit to flag adult or unsafe material or the like. This document explains why this is an ill considered idea from the legal, philosophical, and the technical points of view.

Read More
  • Cover Image

And Gulliver Returns Book VI : Our Psychological Motivations

By: Lemuel Gulliver XVI
Read More
  • Cover Image

Bulletin of the World Health Organization : 1969; Volume 40, Numbe...

By: Joyce L. Skegg

Medical Reference Publication

Introduction Leishmaniasis was long thought to be a disease well entrenched in certain parts of the World, flaring up at times in more or less predictable cycles. This picture must now be revised. Leishmaniasis is spreading to areas never affected before, causing in known instances epidemics of alarming proportions. Because of their zoonotic aspects, both the cutaneous and visceral forms are liable to increase with urbanization and with the reclamation of vast expanses o...

Read More
  • Cover Image

World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 372: Epid...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION In the two years that have elapsed since the meeting of the previous committee, much progress has been made in the knowledge of schistosomiasis, as the outcome of intensive research carried out over the past decade. New techniques have been developed for conducting epidemiological surveys indispensable to determining the importance of the disease in endemic areas and to investigating the many factors that contribute to its transmission. A number of control m...

Read More
  • Cover Image

Inter-Domain Policy Routing Protocol Specification : Version 1

By: M. Steenstrup

Technical Reference Publication

Introduction: In this document, we specify the protocols and procedures that compose Inter-Domain Policy Routing (IDPR). The objective of IDPR is to construct and maintain routes between source and destination administrative domains, that provide user traffic with the services requested within the constraints stipulated for the domains transited. IDPR supports link state routing information distribution and route generation in conjunction with source specified message fo...

Read More
  • Cover Image

The Rise of Peace : (Tuloo e Amn), Dedicated to all victims of ter...

By: Dr. Hafiz Shahid Amin

The Rise of Peace is an English version Of Urdu Novel“ Tuloo e Amn ” Dedicated to all victims of terrorist attacks (Muslims, Non Muslims) The Scenario… The Central Theme This Novel has been written in the context of present day fast changing political scenario of the world. Most important international burning issues have been touched in this novel in the most skilful and careful manner. Shall this peace seeking world ever reach the lasting peace..? There is de...

Bismillah Hirrahmaan Nirraheem In the name of Allah Almighty, The Most Gracious and The Most Merciful….The Most Beloved Prophet of Allah Almighty, Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) ************************************* A Novel in English and Urdu An English Version Of Urdu Novel“ Tuloo e Amn ” Author of Both Versions; Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Shahid Amin Sheikh (MBBS, DLO) Pakistan. Copy Rights are Reserved Copyright © 2011 Dr. Hafiz Shahid Amin All right...

Read More
  • Cover Image

World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: R. W. Crosskey

Medical Reference Publication

The scantiness of the l i t e r a t u r e on human onchocerciasis and its Simulium damnosum complex vectors in Sierra Leone conveys an impression that the disease is not generally recognized there as presenting an important health problem, or even that it is not specially prevalent in the country. The impression i s f a l s e . In r e a l i t y onchocerciasis i s one of t h ? most: omnipresent p a r a s i t i c diseases of Sierra Leone, which, t h o u g h r a t h e r n e...

Read More
 
Records: 57281 - 57300 of 57,311 - Pages: 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Fair are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.