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Pākehā Māori

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Title: Pākehā Māori  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hongi Hika, Thomas Kendall, Pākehā Māori, Sealers' War, Pākehā
Collection: Māori History, Pākehā Māori, Settlers of New Zealand
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Pākehā Māori

Pākehā Māori were the early European settlers in New Zealand (known as Pākehā in the Māori language) who lived among the Māori.


  • History 1
  • Notable Pākehā Māori 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5


Some were kept by the Māori as slaves, while others settled in Māori communities by choice, many being runaway seamen or escaped convicts.[1]They were often welcomed, took wives and were treated as Māori, particularly in the first two decades of the 19th century. The rarity value of Europeans in New Zealand and the importance of trade in European goods - particularly muskets - made Pākehā Māori highly prized for their trading skills. Some achieved a degree of prestige among the Māori and fought in battle with their adopted tribe in the New Zealand land wars, sometimes against European soldiers. While some lived the rest of their lives amongst Māori, others, such as lapsed missionary Thomas Kendall, found it convenient to only briefly "go native."

A few Pākehā Māori such as John Rutherford[2] and Barnet Burns even received the moko or facial tattoo.

As more Europeans arrived, the status of early Europeans among Māori fell and some of the early Pakeha Maori reverted to a more European existence.

The early settler Frederick Edward Maning published two books under the pseudonym Pakeha Māori which contain many examples of how Pakeha/Maori lived.

Notable Pākehā Māori

See also


  1. ^ "Cultural go-betweens, Pākehā–Māori", Te Ara
  2. ^ a b "John Rutherford — The “White New Zealander”", A.J. Waldie


  • Pakeha Maori: The extraordinary story of the Europeans who lived as Maori in early New Zealand by Trevor Bentley; published 1999 ISBN 0-14-028540-7
  • Old New Zealand: being Incidents of Native Customs and Character in the Old Times by 'A Pakeha Maori' (Frederick Edward Maning) Gutenberg ebook, originally published 1863
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