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Outline of Turkmenistan


Outline of Turkmenistan

The location of Turkmenistan
An enlargeable map of Turkmenistan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Turkmenistan:

Turkmenistan is a sovereign Turkic country located in Central Asia.[1] The name Turkmenistan is derived from Persian, meaning "land of the Turkmen". The name of its capital, Ashgabat, derived from Persian as well, loosely translating as "the city of love". Until 1991, it was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the southwest, Uzbekistan to the northeast, Kazakhstan to the northwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west.

According to CIA World Factbook 2006 figures, Turkmenistan ranks 5th in the world for GDP growth rate. Although it is wealthy in natural resources in certain areas, most of the country is covered by the Karakum (Black Sands) Desert. It has a single-party system, and was ruled by President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov until his death on 21 December 2006. Presidential elections were held on 11 February 2007. Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow was declared the winner with 89% of the vote. He was sworn in on 14 February 2007.


  • General reference 1
  • Geography of Turkmenistan 2
    • Environment of Turkmenistan 2.1
      • Natural geographic features of Turkmenistan 2.1.1
    • Regions of Turkmenistan 2.2
      • Ecoregions of Turkmenistan 2.2.1
      • Administrative divisions of Turkmenistan 2.2.2
        • Provinces of Turkmenistan
        • Districts of Turkmenistan
    • Demography of Turkmenistan 2.3
  • Government and politics of Turkmenistan 3
    • Branches of government of Turkmenistan 3.1
      • Executive branch of Turkmenistan 3.1.1
      • Legislative branch of Turkmenistan 3.1.2
      • Judicial branch of Turkmenistan 3.1.3
    • Foreign relations of Turkmenistan 3.2
      • International organization membership 3.2.1
    • Law and order in Turkmenistan 3.3
    • Military of Turkmenistan 3.4
    • Local government in Turkmenistan 3.5
  • History of Turkmenistan 4
  • Culture of Turkmenistan 5
    • Art in Turkmenistan 5.1
    • Sports in Turkmenistan 5.2
  • Economy and infrastructure of Turkmenistan 6
  • Education in Turkmenistan 7
  • Health in Turkmenistan 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

General reference

An enlargeable relief map of Turkmenistan

Geography of Turkmenistan

An enlargeable topographic map of Turkmenistan
 Uzbekistan 1,621 km
 Iran 992 km
 Afghanistan 744 km
 Kazakhstan 379 km
  • Coastline: none[2]

Environment of Turkmenistan

An enlargeable satellite image of Turkmenistan

Natural geographic features of Turkmenistan

Regions of Turkmenistan

Ecoregions of Turkmenistan

Administrative divisions of Turkmenistan

Provinces of Turkmenistan
Districts of Turkmenistan

The provinces of Turkmenistan are divided into districts, which may be either counties or cities.

Demography of Turkmenistan

Government and politics of Turkmenistan

Main article: Government of Turkmenistan and Politics of Turkmenistan

Branches of government of Turkmenistan

Executive branch of Turkmenistan

Legislative branch of Turkmenistan

Judicial branch of Turkmenistan

Foreign relations of Turkmenistan

International organization membership

Turkmenistan is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Turkmenistan

Military of Turkmenistan

Local government in Turkmenistan

History of Turkmenistan

Main article: Current events of Turkmenistan

Culture of Turkmenistan

Art in Turkmenistan

Sports in Turkmenistan

Economy and infrastructure of Turkmenistan

Education in Turkmenistan

Health in Turkmenistan

See also


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea, a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea.

External links

  • Turkmenistan government information portal
  • Music of Turkmenistan
  • The Turkmenistan Project - weekly news and analysis in English and Russian
  • CIA Factbook
  • Official photo gallery from Turkmenistan and Ashgabat
  • Largest Photo gallery of Turkmenistan and Ashgabat
  • Photo Gallery from Turkmenistan (in German)
  • Encyclopedia of the Nations
  • All schools of Turkmenistan (Russian)
  • BBC News country profile
  • View Ashgabat, Dashoguz, and Mary on Google Earth
  • Turkmenistan Music and Videos
  • Turkmenistan-News Forum Chat. Search file Turkmenistan
  • Turkmenistan Oil and Gas Information
  • Turkmenistan Social
  • Turkmenistan Blogs
  • Turkmen-English Dictionary
  • Turkmenistan News
  • Turkmen literature, poems, poetry, articles
  • The World's Barmiest Bans
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