This article is about a Hindu ethnic group. For the English Creole language spoken in Jamaica, see Jamaican Patois. For the rural community in West Bengal, see Patua. For the creole language spoken in Macau, see Macanese language.
HindiKhari BoliAwadhiGujarati
Related ethnic groups

The Patwa are a mainly Hindu and Jain community, who originated from North India. Traditionally they were weavers and engaged in jewellery-making business and worked with silver and golden threads.[1]


According to the traditions of the Patwa, they descend from a deota (a Hindu god). The Patwa have many sub-groups, the Devvanshi,Deval,Patkar, Raghuvanshi and Kanaujia Khandelwal. They principally fall under vaish (Baniya) category. However some sub-groups come in the (kayastha) category. The Patwa are an endogamous community, and follow the principle of gotra exogamy. Maheshvaris are also patwas of the baniya category. They are Hindu and Jain, and worship the goddess Bhagwati and Mahavira. Like other Hindu artisan castes, the Patwa have a traditional caste council, which settles issues of divorce, minor disputes and cases of adultery.[2]

Present Circumstances

The Patwa are involved in selling women's decorative articles like earrings, necklaces and cosmetics. They also deal in small household items, such as hand fans made of palm. The community was traditionally associated with threading of beads and binding together of silver and gold threads, while others have expanded into other businesses. They are found all over India, mainly in Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Uttar Pradesh, in the districts of Bareilly, Badaun, Mau,Ghazipur,balia, Lucknow, Gorakhpur, Hardoi, Jalaun, Shahjahanpur, Sitapur, Lakhimpur-kheri, Jhansi Varanasi(Benaras) and Lalitpur ,

In Bihar, the community is sub-divided as Patwa and Tantu Patwa.Tantu patwa is a other cast they not belong to patwa cast. The Patwas are mainly weavers and braid makers. The Tantu Patwa have three sub-groups, the Gouria, Rewar and Jurihar. The tantu patwa are found mainly in the districts of Nalanda, Gaya, Bhagalpur, Nawada and Patna districts. There main gotras include the Gorahia, Chero, Ghatwar, Chakata, Supait, Bhor, Pancohia, Dargohi, Laheda and Rankut. and the patwa are found all over Bihar The Patwa of Bihar are now mainly power loom operators, while others have expanded into other businesses. They are a fairly successful community, and many have taken to modern education. The Patwa of Bihar have a state wide caste association, the Patwa Jati Sudhar Samiti.[3]

See also


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