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32nd United States Congress

 

32nd United States Congress

32nd United States Congress
31st ← → 33rd

United States Capitol (1846)

Duration: March 4, 1851 – March 4, 1853

Senate President: Vacant
Senate Pres. pro tem: William R. King
David R. Atchison
House Speaker: Linn Boyd
Members: 62 Senators
233 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1851 – March 13, 1851
1st: December 1, 1851 – August 31, 1852
2nd: December 6, 1852 – March 4, 1853

The Thirty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1851 to March 4, 1853, during the third and fourth years of Millard Fillmore's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Sixth Census of the United States in 1840. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Major events

Uncle Tom's Cabin was published in 1852

Major legislation

Territories organized

Party summary

Senate

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Free Soil
(FS)
Whig
(W)
Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 36 2 24 0 62 0
Begin 33 4 22 0 60 3
End 35 23 61 1
Final voting share 55.7% 6.6% 37.7% 0.0%
Beginning of next Congress 36 3 22 0 60 2

House of Representatives

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic
(D)
Independent
Democratic
(ID)
Free Soil
(FS)
States Rights
(SR)
Constitutional Unionist
(CU)
Whig
(W)
Independent
Whig
(IW)
Other Vacant
End of previous Congress 113 0 9 0 0 107 0 2 231 2
Begin 128 3 3 3 10 85 1 0 233 0
End 126 86 232 1
Final voting share 54.3% 1.3% 1.3% 1.3% 4.3% 37.1% 0.4% 0.0%
Beginning of next Congress 158 1 3 0 0 71 0 1 234 0

Leadership

President pro tempore
William R. King
President pro tempore
David R. Atchison

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1856; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1852; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1854.

House of Representatives

Speaker of the House
Linn Boyd

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 8
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 6
  • interim appointments: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 13
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Ohio
(1)
Vacant Failure to elect Benjamin Wade (W) Elected March 15, 1851
California
(1)
Vacant Failure to take seat John B. Weller (D) Seated January 30, 1852
Connecticut
(1)
Vacant Failure to take seat Isaac Toucey (D) Seated May 12, 1852
Mississippi
(1)
Jefferson Davis (D) Resigned September 23, 1851 to run for Governor of Mississippi John J. McRae (D) Appointed December 1, 1851
Mississippi
(2)
Henry S. Foote (D) Resigned January 8, 1852 to become Governor of Mississippi Walker Brooke (W) Elected February 18, 1852
Mississippi
(1)
John J. McRae (D) Successor elected March 17, 1852 Stephen Adams (D) Elected March 17, 1852
South Carolina
(2)
Robert Rhett (D) Resigned May 7, 1852 William F. De Saussure (D) Appointed May 10, 1852
Georgia
(2)
John M. Berrien (W) Resigned May 28, 1852 Robert M. Charlton (D) Elected May 31, 1852
Kentucky
(3)
Henry Clay (W) Died June 29, 1852 David Meriwether (D) Appointed July 6, 1852
Indiana
(3)
James Whitcomb (D) Died October 4, 1852 Charles W. Cathcart (D) Appointed December 6, 1852
Kentucky
(3)
David Meriwether (D) Successor elected August 31, 1852 Archibald Dixon (W) Elected September 1, 1852
Alabama
(3)
William R. King (D) Resigned December 20, 1852 due to ill health Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D) Elected January 14, 1853
New Jersey
(1)
Robert F. Stockton (D) Resigned January 1, 1853 Vacant Not filled this term
Vermont
(3)
William Upham (W) Died January 14, 1853 Samuel S. Phelps (W) Appointed January 17, 1853
Indiana
(3)
Charles W. Cathcart (D) Successor elected January 18, 1853 John Pettit (D) Elected January 18, 1853

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 5
  • Total seats with changes: 7
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Maine 4th Charles Andrews (D) Died April 30, 1852 Isaac Reed (W) Seated June 25, 1852
Virginia 15th D) Resigned July 30, 1852 after being appointed judge of the Circuit Court of Virginia Sherrard Clemens (D) Seated December 6, 1852
Kentucky 7th Humphrey Marshall (W) Resigned August 4, 1852 after being appointed Minister to China William Preston (W) Seated December 6, 1852
Massachusetts 2nd Robert Rantoul, Jr. (D) Died August 7, 1852 Francis B. Fay (W) Seated December 13, 1852
Massachusetts 9th Orin Fowler (W) Died September 3, 1852 Edward P. Little (D) Seated December 13, 1852
Massachusetts 4th Benjamin Thompson (W) Died September 24, 1852 Lorenzo Sabine (W) Seated December 13, 1852
New York 17th Alexander H. Buell (D) Died January 29, 1853 Vacant Not filled this term

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links

  • Statutes at Large, 1789-1875
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • House Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress
  • U.S. House of Representatives: House History
  • U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists
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