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Academy Juvenile Award

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Academy Juvenile Award

Academy Juvenile Award
Bobby Driscoll accepting the Juvenile Award
Awarded for Academy Honorary Award presented for "Outstanding Juvenile Performance"
Country United States
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
First awarded February 27, 1935
Official website www.Oscars.org

The Academy Juvenile Award, also known as the Juvenile Oscar, was a [2]

The trophy itself was a miniature Oscar statuette which stood approximately 7 inches tall.[2][3][4] The honor was first awarded by the Academy in 1935 to 6-year-old [5]

History

The Academy Awards, first presented on May 16, 1929, did not originally present a [2]

On February 27, 1935, the [2] Playfully dubbed the "Oscarette" by Bob Hope in 1945,[10] the statuette itself was a miniaturized Oscar, depicting an Art Deco image of a knight holding a crusader's sword and standing on a reel of film.[11] Standing approximately ½ the size of its full-sized counterpart, this rare child-sized trophy remained the prototype for the statuette throughout the history of the Award with only relatively small modifications to its base over time.[4][12][13]

After first being presented in 1935, the Special Juvenile Award continued to be presented intermittently to a total of 12 young actors over the next 25 years,[4][14] however, several juvenile actors were instead nominated in the competitive Best Supporting Actor/Actress categories during this time; most notably, 14-year-old [18] all of whom lost to their adult counterparts in their respective categories.

Presented on April 17, 1961, the [5]

Honorees

1930s

The [2] Beginning her film career at the age of three, in 1934 Temple had attained child stardom in such films as Stand Up and Cheer!, Little Miss Marker, Baby Take a Bow and Bright Eyes. Just six years old on the night she accepted her Honorary statuette, Temple became the youngest recipient ever to be honored by the Academy, a distinction she still holds to this day.

The [19] By 1938, 16-year-old Durbin was a rising star as the singing ingenue in such films as Mad About Music and That Certain Age, and Rooney had risen to fame in the Andy Hardy comedies and received critical acclaim for his dramatic turn in Boys Town.[20] Eighteen years old on the night he accepted the accolade, Rooney would be the eldest recipient ever to be honored with the Academy's Juvenile Award.

The [23] the Juvenile Award would be the only honor Garland would receive from the Academy.

1940s

The [3] That year, 7-year-old O'Brien had become one of the most popular child actresses of her day, starring in the films The Canterville Ghost, Music for Millions, and Meet Me In St. Louis alongside former Juvenile Award Honoree Judy Garland. Hosting the Annual ceremony that year was Bob Hope who endearingly dubbed the Juvenile Award the "Oscarette" upon presenting O'Brien with her miniature Oscar.[10]

The [24] Beginning her prolific film career at the age of six, in 1945, 13-year-old Garner appeared in Nob Hill and Junior Miss, as well as receiving critical acclaim for her dramatic role as Francie Nolan, a girl living in the Brooklyn slums with her devoted mother and alcoholic father in the 20th Century Fox drama, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn.[25]

The [26] 13 years old in 1946, Jarman was honored with the Juvenile Oscar for his screen debut as Jody in Warner Brothers' family drama, The Yearling. Although the Academy didn't officially begin to present the Juvenile Award for a child's work in a specific film until two years later, The Yearling was Jarman's first and only film released in 1946.

The [27] Born in Czechoslovakia, and beginning his relatively brief film career in 1948 at the age of eleven, Jandl was the first foreign child actor to be honored with the Juvenile Oscar. Unable to travel to the United States to attend the ceremony, Jandl's statuette was instead presented to him in his native Prague.[28]

The [30]

1950s–1960

The [31] Perhaps best known to audiences in their native Scotland, in 1953, Whiteley, age 8, and Winter, age 6, played Harry and Davy respectively, two boys living with their grandfather in Nova Scotia who, forbidden by their grandfather to have a dog, "kidnap" an unattended baby and care for the child as their own in the British produced family drama.

The [5]

List of honorees

The following list of honorees lists the ages of recipients on the night of the ceremony and not the age they were when they appeared in the project(s) for which they were being honored. In some cases, the ceremony was held more than a year after a film's original release, and as much as two years after principal photography was completed.
Academy Juvenile Award Honorees
Year Recipient Age at ceremony Honor
1934
(7th)
Temple, ShirleyShirley Temple 6 years, 310 days In grateful recognition of her outstanding contribution to screen entertainment during the year 1934.
1938
(11th)
Deanna Durbin 17 years, 81 days For their significant contribution in bringing to the screen the spirit and personification of youth, and as juvenile players setting a high standard of ability and achievement.
Mickey Rooney 18 years, 153 days
1939
(12th)
Garland, JudyJudy Garland 17 years, 264 days For her outstanding performance as a screen juvenile during the past year.
1944
(17th)
O'Brien, MargaretMargaret O'Brien 8 years, 59 days Outstanding child actress of 1944.
1945
(18th)
Garner, Peggy AnnPeggy Ann Garner 14 years, 32 days Outstanding child actress of 1945.
1946
(19th)
Jarman, Jr., ClaudeClaude Jarman, Jr. 12 years, 167 days Outstanding child actor of 1946.
1948
(21st)
Jandl, IvanIvan Jandl 12 years, 59 days For the outstanding juvenile performance of 1948, as 'Karel Malik' in The Search.
1949
(22nd)
Driscoll, BobbyBobby Driscoll 13 years, 20 days As the outstanding juvenile actor of 1949.
1954
(27th)
Whiteley, JonJon Whiteley 10 years, 39 days For his outstanding juvenile performance in The Little Kidnappers.
Winter, VincentVincent Winter 7 years, 91 days For his outstanding juvenile performance in The Little Kidnappers.
1960
(33rd)
Mills, HayleyHayley Mills 14 years, 364 days For Pollyanna, the most outstanding juvenile performance during 1960.

Post-juvenile era

In 1962, 16 year-old [32] From this point onward, child actors were recognized in the same categories as their adult counterparts, or not at all.[4]

As of 2015, a total of only three minors (including Duke) have won Oscars, all in the Best Supporting Actress category. The other two are Anna Paquin, who was 11, for The Piano (1993), and Tatum O'Neal, who was 10, for Paper Moon (1974).

In 2015, O'Neal still holds the record as the youngest person to ever win a competitive Academy Award.

Lost and found

While only 12 stars have been awarded the rare miniature statuette, a total of 14 Juvenile Oscars are actually known to exist.

Lost Garland Award

Judy Garland had reportedly lost her award over the years, and in June 1958 contacted the Academy to obtain a replacement at her own expense.[12][33] The Academy obliged, but asked Garland to sign its well known right of first refusal agreement covering the duplicate Oscar as well as her original, should it ever turn up.[12] The agreement, put into implementation by the Academy in 1950, states that Oscar recipients or their heirs who want to sell their statuettes must first offer the Academy the opportunity to buy the Oscar back for the sum of $10. (An amount which was subsequently dropped to $1 in the 1980s.)[12][33]

After her death in 1969, many of Garland's personal effects came into the possession of her former husband, Sidney Luft who attempted to sell a miniature Oscar statuette at a Christie's auction in 1993.[12][34] Upon learning of the impending auction, the Academy quickly filed a legal injunction to halt the sale of the Award and, after some research, determined that the statuette in question was Garland's 1958 replacement Oscar, using photographs that showed the original 1940 statuette's unique base differed from the one being put up for auction.[12][35] The courts ruled in the Academy's favor in 1995 and ordered Luft to return the 1958 statuette to the Academy; prompting Luft to instead turn the award over to daughter Lorna Luft who had expressed a desire to keep it in the family.[12]

In 2000, a second statuette was put up for auction, which the Academy determined this time to be Garland's long-lost "original" 1940 Oscar.[12][36] After once again tracing the auction back to Sidney Luft, the Academy again took legal action to halt the sale claiming the 1940 statuette fell under the terms of the agreement Garland had signed in 1958.[12][36] The Academy again won its lawsuit in 2002 and Luft was ordered to turn the 1940 statuette over to the Academy.[12] In February 2010, Garland's original 1940 Juvenile Oscar was put on display to the public at an exhibit held by the Academy in New York City called "Meet The Oscars".[37] As of 2011, its 1958 replacement is believed to still be in the possession of Garland's youngest daughter, Lorna Luft.[13][38]

Lost O'Brien Award

Throughout her childhood, [10][39]

Several years later, upon learning that the original had been stolen, the Academy promptly supplied O'Brien with a replacement Oscar, but O'Brien still held onto hope that she might one day recover her original Award.[10][39] In the years that followed, O'Brien attended memorabilia shows and searched antique shops, hoping she might find the original statuette, until one day in 1995 when Bruce Davis, then executive director of the Academy, was alerted that a miniature statuette bearing O'Brien's name had surfaced in a catalogue for an upcoming memorabilia auction.[39] Davis contacted a mutual friend of his and O'Brien's, who in turn phoned O'Brien to tell her the long-lost Oscar had been found.[10][39]

Memorabilia collectors Steve Neimand and Mark Nash were attending a flea market in 1995 when Neimand spotted a small Oscar with Margaret O'Brien's name inscribed upon it.[40] The two men decided to split the $500 asking price hoping to resell it at a profit and lent it to a photographer to shoot for an upcoming auction catalogue.[39] This led to Bruce Davis' discovery that the statuette had resurfaced and, upon learning of the award's history, Nash and Neimand agreed to return the Oscar to O'Brien.[39] On February 7, 1995, almost fifty years after she'd first received it, the Academy held a special ceremony in Beverly Hills to return the stolen award to O’Brien.[39][40] Upon being reunited with her Juvenile Oscar, Margaret O'Brien told the attending journalists:

“For all those people who have lost or misplaced something that was dear to them, as I have, never give up the dream of searching – never let go of the hope that you’ll find it because after all these many years, at last, my Oscar has been returned to me.”[41]

See also

References

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External links

  • Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences – Official Website
  • Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences – Official Database
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