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Alice (1988 film)

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Title: Alice (1988 film)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Jan Švankmajer, Conspirators of Pleasure, Camilla Power, Films with live action and animation, Alice
Collection: 1980S Fantasy Films, 1988 Films, British Animated Films, British Fantasy Films, British Films, Czech Animated Films, Czech Films, Czech-Language Films, Czechoslovak Animated Films, Czechoslovak Films, Dark Fantasy Films, Fantasy Adventure Films, Films Based on Alice in Wonderland, Films Directed by Jan Švankmajer, Films with Live Action and Animation, German Animated Films, German Fantasy Films, Non-Narrative Films, Stop-Motion Animated Films, Swiss Animated Films, Swiss Films, West German Films
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Alice (1988 film)

Alice
Czechoslovak theatrical release poster
Directed by Jan Švankmajer
Produced by Peter-Christian Fueter
Screenplay by Jan Švankmajer
Based on Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass 
by Lewis Carroll
Starring Kristýna Kohoutová
Cinematography Svatopluk Malý
Edited by Marie Zemanová
Production
company
Distributed by First Run Features
Release dates
  • 3 August 1988 (1988-08-03) (United States)
  • 1 November 1990 (1990-11-01) (Czechoslovakia)
Running time
84 minutes
Country Czechoslovakia
Switzerland
United Kingdom
West Germany
Language Czech

Alice is a 1988 fantasy film written and directed by Jan Švankmajer. Its original Czech title is Něco z Alenky, which means "Something from Alice". It is a loose adaptation of Lewis Carroll's first Alice book, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865), about a girl who follows a white rabbit into a bizarre fantasy land. Alice is played by Kristýna Kohoutová. The film combines live action with stop motion animation, and is distinguished by its dark and uncompromising production design.

After more than two decades as a prolific director of short films, Alice became Švankmajer's first venture into feature-length filmmaking. The director had been disappointed by other adaptations of Carroll's book, which interpret it as a fairy tale. His aim was instead to make the story play out like an amoral dream. The film won the feature film award at the 1989 Annecy International Animated Film Festival.

Contents

  • Plot summary 1
  • Cast 2
  • Production 3
  • Release 4
    • Critical response 4.1
  • Home media 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Plot summary

Alice appears to be in her own bedroom, when a taxidermically stuffed rabbit comes to life and breaks out of its glass case. Alice follows the rabbit through the drawer of a desk into a cavern. She subsequently falls through a bucket and seemingly down an elevator shaft. Wonderland itself is a mix of drab household-like areas with incongruous relationships of space and size. The Queen's execution sentences are carried out by the White Rabbit with a pair of scissors. At the film's end, Alice wakes in her room, discovers that the rabbit is still missing from his glass case, and finds a secret compartment where he keeps scissors. She ponders whether or not she will cut his head off. The film is ambiguous about whether this room is Alice's real world or "Wonderland".

Cast

Production

Jan Švankmajer, who had been making short films since the mid-1960s, says he got the confidence to make a feature-length film due to finishing the shorts Jabberwocky and Down to the Cellar. He described Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, a work which had followed him since he was a child, as "one of the most important and amazing books produced by this civilisation."[1] He argued that other film adaptations of the story had interpreted it as a fairy tale, but that Carroll had written it like a dream, and that was what he wanted to transmit: "While a fairy tale has got an educational aspect – it works with the moral of the lifted forefinger (good overcomes evil), dream, as an expression of our unconscious, uncompromisingly pursues the realisation of our most secret wishes without considering rational and moral inhibitions, because it is driven by the principle of pleasure. My Alice is a realised dream."[1]

Release

The film first premiered in the United States, where it was released on 3 August 1988. It played at the 1989 Annecy International Animated Film Festival where it received the prize for best feature film.[2] In Czechoslovakia it premiered on 1 November 1990.[3] The English dubbed version features the voice of Camilla Power.

Critical response

In [4] Upon the British home-media release in 2011, Philip Horne reviewed the film for The Daily Telegraph. Horne called it "an astonishing film", and wrote: "This is no cleaned up version approved by preview audiences or committees of studio executives – my youthful fellow-spectator declared quite aptly at one point, 'She's rather a violent young girl, isn't she?' – but its glorious proliferation of magical transformations works like a charm on anyone who values the imagination."[5] The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes has Alice with a "Fresh" rating of 100% based on 18 reviews.

Home media

The film with original Czech audio and English subtitles was unavailable on home video until 2011 when the British Film Institute released the film on DVD and Blu-ray.[6][7]

References

  1. ^ a b Stafford, Mark; Sélavy, Virginie (2011-06-14). "Interview with Jan Švankmajer". Electric Sheep Magazine. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  2. ^ Jefferson, David (1989). "Annecy Animation Festival 1989". Animator Magazine (25): 8. Retrieved 2011-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Něco z Alenky (1988)". České filmové nebe (in Czech). Retrieved 2011-07-09. 
  4. ^ James, Caryn (1988-08-03). "An 'Alice' for Adults".  
  5. ^  
  6. ^ B., Michael (26 October 2010). (Jan Švankmajer, 1988)"Alice". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  7. ^ http://filmstore.bfi.org.uk/acatalog/info_19517.html

External links

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