World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Battle of Coyotepe Hill

Battle of Coyotepe Hill
Part of the Nicaraguan Civil War, Occupation of Nicaragua, Banana Wars

Two Marines with Coyotepe Hill in the background in October of 1912.
Date October 3–4, 1912
Location near Masaya, Nicaragua
Result United States victory
Belligerents
 United States Nicaraguan Rebels
Commanders and leaders
Joseph H. Pendleton
Smedley Butler
Benjamín Zeledón
Strength
~850 marines
~100 sailors
2 artillery pieces
~350 militia
~4 artillery pieces
2 forts
Casualties and losses
4 killed
~10 wounded
32 killed


The Battle of Coyotepe Hill was a significant engagement during the United States occupation of Nicaragua from August through November 1912 during the insurrection staged by Minister of War General Luis Mena against the government of President Adolfo Díaz.

Coyotepe is an old fortress located on a 500-foot hill overlooking the strategic railroad line near Masaya roughly half-way between Managua and Granada, Nicaragua. On October 2–4, 1912, a Nicaraguan rebel force led by General Benjamín Zeledón occupying Coyotepe and another hill, Barranca fort, overlooking the strategic rail line, refused to surrender to government troops under President Adolfo Díaz.[1]:152 U.S. Marine Major Smedley Butler's marine battalion, that Zeledón's rebels had skirmished with on September 19, returned from its capture of Granada, Nicaragua on October 3 and shelled the rebel stronghold on Coyotepe. During pre-dawn hours on October 4, Butler's battalion, in concert with two marine battalions and one from the USS California led by marine Colonel Joseph H. Pendleton converged from different positions to storm the hill and capture it. Zeledón was killed during the battle, probably by his own men.[1]:153

With the capture of León, Nicaragua two days later by U.S. Marines and the recapture of Masaya by Nicaraguan government troops, the Nicaraguan revolution of 1912 was essentially over.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Musicant, I, The Banana Wars, 1990, New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., ISBN 0025882104
  2. ^ , by Jack Sweetman, p. 114American Naval History, An Illustrated Chronology of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Fair are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.