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Boyhood (film)

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Boyhood (film)

Boyhood
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Richard Linklater
Produced by Richard Linklater
Cathleen Sutherland
Jonathan Sehring
John Sloss
Written by Richard Linklater
Starring Ellar Coltrane
Patricia Arquette
Lorelei Linklater
Ethan Hawke
Cinematography Lee Daniel
Shane Kelly
Edited by Sandra Adair
Distributed by IFC Films
Release dates
  • January 19, 2014 (2014-01-19) (Sundance Film Festival)[1][2]
  • July 11, 2014 (2014-07-11) (United States)
Running time 165 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $4 million[3]
Box office $43.2 million[3]

Boyhood is a 2014 American coming-of-age drama film written and directed by Richard Linklater and starring Patricia Arquette, Ellar Coltrane, Lorelei Linklater and Ethan Hawke. The film was shot intermittently over an eleven-year period from May 2002 to October 2013, showing the growth of a young boy and his older sister to adulthood.

The film premiered at the 2014 Sundance Film Festival[1] and was released theatrically on July 11, 2014.[2] The film also competed in the main competition section of the 64th Berlin International Film Festival,[4] where Linklater won the Silver Bear for Best Director.[5] It was declared a landmark film by many notable critics, who praised its direction, acting, and scope.[6][7][8][9][10] The international film magazine Sight & Sound named it the best film of 2014 after polling an international group of 112 film critics.[11]

Contents

  • Plot 1
  • Cast 2
  • Production 3
  • Reception 4
    • Box office 4.1
    • Critical reception 4.2
    • Top ten lists 4.3
    • Home media 4.4
    • Classification rating 4.5
    • Accolades 4.6
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Plot

In 2002, six-year-old Mason Evans, Jr. (Ellar Coltrane) and his older sister Samantha (Lorelei Linklater) live with their single mother Olivia (Patricia Arquette) in Texas. Mason overhears Olivia arguing with her boyfriend, saying she has no free time. Olivia moves the family so she can attend the University of Houston, complete her degree, and get professional work.

In 2004, Mason's father, Mason Sr. (Ethan Hawke), visits Houston and takes the children bowling and promises to spend more time with them. When he drops them off at home, he argues with Olivia while Mason and Samantha watch from a window. Olivia takes Mason to one of her classes, introducing him to her professor, Bill Welbrock (Marco Perella). In 2005, Olivia and Bill marry and blend their two families, including Bill's two children from a previous marriage. They share experiences such as playing video games and attending a midnight sale of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.

In 2006, the children bond with Mason Sr. as he takes them out for a day in Houston, culminating in a Houston Astros game and a sleepover at his house with his roommate Jimmy. Olivia continues her education and is initially supportive of Bill's strict parenting style, which includes many chores for the children and a forced cutting of Mason's long hair. However, by 2007, Bill has become abusive as alcoholism takes over his life. When he assaults Olivia and endangers the children, Olivia moves the family to a friend's house and files for divorce.

In 2008, Mason Sr. learns that Samantha has a boyfriend and talks to her and Mason about contraception. He and Mason go camping at Pedernales Falls State Park and bond over music, Star Wars, and Mason's blossoming interest in girls. By 2009, Mason and Samantha have grown into their new lives in San Marcos, a town close to Austin. Mason is bullied by other students at school and teased on a camping trip, but also starts receiving attention from girls. Olivia teaches psychology at college and marries Jim (Brad Hawkins), a student and veteran of the Afghanistan/Iraq War.

In 2010, by his fifteenth birthday, Mason has experimented with marijuana and alcohol. Mason Sr., remarried and with a baby, takes Mason and Samantha to visit his wife's parents. He gives Mason a suit and a mix CD of Beatles songs; Mason's step-grandparents give him a personalized Bible and a vintage shotgun. Mason becomes interested in photography.

In 2011, Mason is lectured by his photography teacher, who sees his potential but is disappointed in his lack of ambition. Mason attends a party and meets Sheena, who becomes his girlfriend. After Mason arrives home late one night from a party, Jim, who has been drinking heavily, confronts Mason about his late hours. Olivia later divorces Jim.

In 2012, Mason and Sheena visit Samantha at the University of Texas at Austin, where they share their hopes and fears about college, staying up late to watch the sun rise. They are caught sleeping together in Samantha's dorm room by her roommate.

In Mason's senior year in 2013, he has a painful breakup with Sheena. He also wins silver in a state photography contest and is awarded college scholarship money. Mason's family throws him a graduation party and toasts his success. Mason Sr. gives him advice about his breakup. Planning to sell the house, Olivia asks the children to sort through their possessions.

As Mason prepares to leave his mother's new apartment for college in mid-2013, Olivia breaks down, saying she is disillusioned by how fast life has flown by. At Sul Ross State University,[12] Mason moves into his dorm room, and meets his new roommate, his roommate's girlfriend, Barb, who gives him drugs, and her roommate, Nicole. He goes hiking with the three of them at Big Bend National Park, where Nicole and Mason talk about seizing the moment; Mason agrees that "the moment seizes us".

Cast

Family

  • Ellar Coltrane as Mason Evans Jr.
  • Patricia Arquette as Olivia Evans
  • Lorelei Linklater as Samantha Evans
  • Ethan Hawke as Mason Evans Sr.
  • Libby Villari as Catherine: Olivia's mother
  • Marco Perella as Bill Welbrock: Olivia's second husband
  • Jamie Howard as Mindy Welbrock: Bill's daughter
  • Andrew Villarreal as Randy Welbrock: Bill's son
  • Brad Hawkins as Jim: Olivia's third husband
  • Jenni Tooley as Annie: Mason Sr.'s second wife
  • Richard Andrew Jones as Annie's father
  • Karen Jones as Annie's mother
  • Bill Wise as Steve Evans: Mason Sr.'s brother

Acquaintances

  • Zoe Graham as Sheena: Mason Jr.'s girlfriend
  • Charlie Sexton as Jimmy: Mason Sr.'s roommate and friend
  • Barbara Chisholm as Carol: Olivia's friend
  • Cassidy Johnson as Abby: Carol's daughter
  • Richard Robichaux as Mason's boss
  • Steven Chester Prince as Ted: Olivia's boyfriend
  • Tom McTigue as Mr. Turlington: Mason Jr.'s photography teacher
  • Will Harris as Sam's boyfriend at college
  • Andrea Chen as Sam's college roommate
  • Maximillian McNamara as Dalton: Mason Jr.'s college roommate
  • Taylor Weaver as Barb: Dalton's girlfriend
  • Jessi Mechler as Nicole: Barb's roommate

Production

In May 2002, director and screenwriter Richard Linklater said that he would begin shooting an untitled film in his home city of Houston that summer.[13] He planned to assemble the cast and crew for a few weeks' filming annually for 12 years. He said: "I've long wanted to tell the story of a parent–child relationship that follows a boy from the first through the 12th grade and ends with him going off to college. But the dilemma is that kids change so much that it is impossible to cover that much ground. And I am totally ready to adapt the story to whatever he is going through."[13] IFC, the film's distributor, committed to a film budget of $200,000 per year, or $2.4 million over the 12-year shooting period.[14]

Linklater hired the seven-year-old Ellar Coltrane to play the boy.[15][16] The cast could not sign contracts for the film due to the De Havilland Law, which makes it illegal to contract someone for more than seven years of work. Linklater told Hawke that he would have to finish the film if Linklater died.[17] Boyhood was written over the shooting period, with all major actors playing a part in the writing process; scripts for certain scenes were sometimes finished the night prior to shooting.[14]

Ethan Hawke said in 2013 before the film was released:

"It's Tolstoy-esque in scope. I thought the Before series was the most unique thing I would ever be a part of, but Rick has engaged me in something even more strange. Doing a scene with a young boy at the age of 7 when he talks about why do raccoons die, and at the age of 12 when he talks about video games, and 17 when he asks me about girls, and have it be the same actor—to watch his voice and body morph—it's a little bit like timelapse photography of a human being."[18]

The film had the working title The Twelve-Year Project until mid-2013, when Linklater named it 12 Years. Worrying that the name might be confused with 12 Years a Slave (2013), he renamed it Boyhood.[14] Hawke was amazed that the producers "still had their job" at the film's completion despite "[having] to hide a couple hundred thousand dollars a year for over a decade while we slowly made this movie."[17] Despite the risks, Linklater had an unusual level of freedom with the production, never having to show IFC the work in progress.[14]

Reception

Box office

The film premiered theatrically on July 11, 2014 in a limited release in 4 theaters in North America and grossed $387,618 with an average of $77,524 per theater ranking #19 at the box office. The film expanded the next week to 34 theaters and grossed $1,170,217 with an average of $34,418 per theater. The film had its Wide release on August 15, opening in 771 theaters and grossing $1,992,448, with an average of $2,584 per theater and ranking #11 at the box office. The film's widest release in the U.S. was 775 theaters. As of December 2014, it has earned $24,025,037 in North America and $19,143,000 internationally for a total of $43,168,037, well above its $4 million production budget.[19]

Critical reception

Boyhood received unanimous acclaim from film critics, with a "certified fresh" score of 99% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 211 reviews, with an average rating of 9.4 out of 10. The critical consensus states "Epic in technical scale but breathlessly intimate in narrative scope, Boyhood is a sprawling investigation of the human condition."[20] The film has a full score of 100 on Metacritic based on 49 reviews, signifying "universal acclaim".[21] It is the highest rated of all films reviewed upon their original release on the site.[22] It also holds the highest number of reviews for a film with a score of 100, and is among the highest-scoring films ever reviewed.

The praise for Boyhood extended beyond the anglosphere. A collection of 25 French critiques on AlloCiné, including those from Le Monde and Cahiers du Cinéma, indicates near-unanimous approval, with an average score of 4.0/5.[23]

Halfway through 2014, Peter Travers of Rolling Stone named Boyhood the best movie of the year so far;[24] in his review, Travers awarded the movie a 4/4 (the first perfect score he had given in 2014). Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian gave the film 5/5 stars, calling it "one of the greatest films of the decade".[25] Richard Roeper gave the film an A+, calling it one of the greatest films he had ever seen.[26] Wai Chee Dimock, writing in the Los Angeles Review of Books, compares Linklater's film with Nobel laureate J. M. Coetzee's memoir, Boyhood: Scenes from Provincial Life.[27]

Other film critics reacted less positively to the film. Los Angeles Times critic Kenneth Turan described it as "at best, OK" and one whose "animating idea is more interesting than its actual satisfactions."[28] Sam Adams of Indiewire argued that the unanimous praise for Boyhood is bad for film criticism, as it tends to marginalize the analysis of critics who disagree with the majority. Adams argued that masterpieces are made "by careful scrutiny" and not "by unanimous praise."[29]

Top ten lists

The film appeared on several critics' lists of the ten best films of 2014.

Rank Critic Publication Remarks
1 Ann Hornaday The Washington Post[30] "With this touching coming-of-age drama, writer-director Richard Linklater accomplished so many groundbreaking things at once..."
1 Eric Kohn Indiewire[31] "Linklater consolidates his fascination with time and existential yearning at the heart of so many of his excellent movies, but never forces it."
1 Sight & Sound contributors British Film Institute[32] "Richard Linklater’s film hinges on the tension between past, present and future and wears its long production and philosophical heft lightly..."
1 Peter Travers Rolling Stone[33] "Boyhood, sculpted from the highs and lows of [Linklater's] own life, is his landmark, his purest personal expression."
2 Richard Corliss Time Magazine[34] "This is life as most of us experience it, and which few movies document with such understated acuity."
2 Chris Nashawaty Entertainment Weekly[35] "Boyhood is a work of huge ambition that never for a second feels anything less than intimate."
2 Kyle Smith New York Post[36]
5 Richard Lawson Vanity Fair[37] "Unclassifiable as either comedy or drama, Richard Linklater's wise, enriching film experiment is a genre unto itself."
9 Lou Lumenick New York Post[38]

Home media

Director Richard Linklater told Hypable in July 2014 that he was planning a DVD/Blu-ray release through The Criterion Collection:[39]

Yeah, we've got a ton of behind the scenes stuff. We made this in the era where everyone has a digital camera so we unearthed an interview from year one with Ellar, Lorelai, Patricia and myself, Patricia interviewed me in 2002. I hadn't seen this since we shot it, Ellar had forgotten quite a bit of it but he got to see himself as a wide-eyed six year old. For people who like the movie, I think there will be a lot of cool little treasures.

On August 21, Variety reported that Paramount Home Media Distribution had acquired U.S. home entertainment rights for DVD, Blu-ray and digital distribution. IFC Films will retain VOD and EST sales as part of the deal.[40] The film will be available on Digital HD on December 9, 2014, and will be released on Blu-ray and DVD on January 6, 2015.[41]

Classification rating

In the US, the film was given an R rating by the MPAA, recommending nobody under 17 be admitted without a guardian. IFC said they considered the film appropriate for younger viewers and would allow unaccompanied adolescents to attend the film in their own theater.[42] In the UK release, the BBFC gave Boyhood a 15 certificate, making it illegal for cinemas to admit and vendors to supply to children under the age of 15.[43] In Australia, it was given a similar classification of M (Mature) 15+ by the OFLC (Australian Classification Board). Under Germany's system of voluntary self-control, Boyhood was certified for audiences aged 6 or over. The board ruled that the depiction of the parents as loving and caring would give school children enough emotional support to deal with the film's depictions of profanity, alcoholism, and violence.[44]

Accolades

Awards
Award Date of ceremony Category Recipients and nominees Result
Berlin International Film Festival[45] February 15, 2014 Best Director Richard Linklater Won
Prize of the Guild of German Art House Cinemas Boyhood Won
Reader Jury of the Berliner Morgenpost Boyhood Won
Golden Bear Boyhood Nominated
Boston Society of Film Critics[46] December 7, 2014 Best Film Boyhood Won
Best Director Richard Linklater Won
Best Screenplay Richard Linklater (tie) Won
Best Film Editing Sandra Adair Won
Best Ensemble Cast Boyhood Won
British Independent Film Awards[47] December 7, 2014 Best International Independent Film Boyhood Won
Gotham Independent Film Awards[48][49] December 1, 2014 Best Feature Boyhood Nominated
Best Actor Ethan Hawke Nominated
Best Actress Patricia Arquette Nominated
Breakthrough Actor Ellar Coltrane Nominated
Audience Award Boyhood Won
Independent Spirit Awards[50] February 21, 2015 Best Film Boyhood Pending
Best Director Richard Linklater Pending
Best Supporting Female Patricia Arquette Pending
Best Supporting Male Ethan Hawke Pending
Best Editing Sandra Adair Pending
Los Angeles Film Critics Association[51] December 7, 2014 Best Film Boyhood Won
Best Actress Patricia Arquette Won
Best Director Richard Linklater Won
Best Editing Sandra Adair Won
National Board of Review Awards[52][53] January 6, 2015 Top Ten Films Boyhood Won
New York Film Critics Circle[54][55] January 5, 2015 Best Film Boyhood Won
Best Director Richard Linklater Won
Best Supporting Actress Patricia Arquette Won
New York Film Critics Online[56] December 8, 2014 Top Films Boyhood Won
Best Picture Boyhood Won
Best Director Richard Linklater Won
Best Supporting Actress Patricia Arquette Won
Norwegian International Film Festival[57] August 22, 2014 Norwegian Film Critics Award Boyhood Won
San Francisco International Film Festival[58] May 2, 2014 Founder’s Directing Award Richard Linklater Won
Satellite Awards[59] February 15, 2015 Best Film Boyhood Pending
Best Director Richard Linklater Pending
Best Supporting Actor Ethan Hawke Pending
Best Supporting Actress Patricia Arquette Pending
Best Original Screenplay Richard Linklater Pending
Best Editing Sandra Adair Pending
Best Original Song Split the Difference Pending
Seattle International Film Festival[60] June 8, 2014 Best Film Boyhood Won
Best Director Richard Linklater Won
Best Actress Patricia Arquette Won
SXSW Film Festival[61] March 11, 2014 Louis Black Lone Star Award Boyhood Won
Sydney Film Festival[62][63] June 15, 2014 Sydney Film Prize Boyhood Nominated
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards[64][65] December 8, 2014 Best Film Boyhood Won
Best Director Richard Linklater Won
Best Supporting Actor Ethan Hawke Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Patricia Arquette Won
Best Ensemble Nominated
Best Youth Ensemble Ellar Coltrane Won
Best Original Screenplay Richard Linklater Nominated
Best Editing Sandra Adair Nominated

See also

  • Antoine Doinel – In five films, French filmmaker François Truffaut followed the fictional life of Antoine Doinel (played by Jean-Pierre Léaud), beginning in 1959, with following films for 1962, 1968, 1970 and 1979.
  • The Children of Golzow – a series of documentary films following the lives of several people from 1961 to 2007.
  • Up series – a series of documentary films that have followed the lives of fourteen British children since 1964, when they were seven years old.
  • Hoop Dreams - an American documentary directed by Steve James that followed the lives of two African-American high school basketball players over five years
  • Perspective – an episodic drama film, started in 2012, from Canada directed by B. P. Paquette and starring Stéphane Paquette, Patricia Tedford, and Pandora Topp in a love triangle.[66][67][68][69]
  • The Bill Douglas Trilogy – autobiographical series based on the filmmaker's childhood, all starring amateur child actor Stephen Archibald and made between 1972–78.
  • The Apu Trilogy – Over the course of three films, Satyajit Ray tells the story of Apu as he grows from child to adult.
  • Everyday – British film directed by Michael Winterbottom about five years in the lives of a prisoner and his family, filmed between 2007 and 2012.
  • Dimension - Abandoned film by Lars von Trier, which was going to have been filmed in three-minute segments in a 30 year period between years 1991 to 2024, but von Trier abandoned the project on the late 1990s.

References

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  2. ^ a b Neumyer, Scott (2013-10-25). "Richard Linklater Talks Before Midnight, Boyhood, and a Possible TV Series". Parade. Retrieved 2013-11-03. 
  3. ^ a b "Boyhood (2014)". Box Office Mojo. 2014-07-11. Retrieved 2014-12-06. 
  4. ^ "Berlinale 2014: Competition Complete". berlinale. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  5. ^ "The Awards Of The 64th Berlin International Film Festival". berlinale. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  6. ^ "Richard Linklater's audacious, epic cinematic journey".  
  7. ^ "Linklater changes the game". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  8. ^ "Linklater's 'Boyhood' is a model of cinematic realism". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  9. ^ "Richard Linklater's 12-year masterpiece". Salon. Retrieved 2014-07-20. 
  10. ^ "Boyhood a remarkable story spanning 12 years". The Arizona Republic. July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ S&S Contributors. "The best films of 2014".  
  12. ^ "Sul Ross to be featured in upcoming film". 2013-10-04. 
  13. ^ a b Blackburn, Rachel. (May 16, 2002) PA News Shooting begins on film that will take 12 years.
  14. ^ a b c d Chang, Justin (June 25, 2014). "Richard Linklater on ‘Boyhood,’ the ‘Before’ Trilogy and the Luxury of Time". Variety. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  15. ^ Carroll, Larry (2006-11-29). "'"Got Plans For 2013? Check Out Richard Linklater's '12-Year Movie. MTV Movies. Viacom. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  16. ^ Rea, Steven (May 19, 2002). "De Niro reassures a studio about a boy".  
  17. ^ a b O'Brien, Conan (host); Hawke, Ethan; Rajskub, Mary Lynn; Scott, Jamie (2014-08-05). "Full Episode — Tues. 8/5 - Ethan Hawke, Mary Lynn Rajskub, And Musical Guest Jamie Scott". Conan. TBS. http://teamcoco.com/video/full-episode-tues-8-5-ethan-hawke-mary-lynn-rajskub-and-musical-guest-jamie-scott.
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  21. ^ "Boyhood Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
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  24. ^ "The Best and Worst Movies of 2014 So Far Pictures". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
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  26. ^ "Boyhood | Richard Roeper Reviews". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
  27. ^ Wai Chee Dimock,"A Boyhood Epic" http://lareviewofbooks.org/essay/a-boyhood-epic
  28. ^ Kenneth Turan. "Kenneth Turan takes a critic's lonely stand on Boyhood". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-08-07. 
  29. ^ Sam Adams. "Why the unanimous praise for Boyhood is bad for film criticism and for Boyhood". Indiewire. Retrieved 2014-08-07. 
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  31. ^ Eric Kohn. "The Best Films of 2014". Indiewire. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
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  38. ^ Lou Lumenick. "The Post's critics' top 10 movies of 2014". New York Post. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  39. ^ "‘Boyhood’ director Richard Linklater talks about the star’s unwavering 12-year commitment". Hypable. 2014-07-18. Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  40. ^ "‘Boyhood’ to Grow Old with Paramount on Home Entertainment Platforms". Variety. 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
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  46. ^ "Boston Critics Name 'Boyhood' Best Picture".  
  47. ^ "’71’, ‘Pride’ Lead British Indie Film Award Nominations; ‘Imitation Game’ In Mix".  
  48. ^ "2014 Gotham Award Nominations Revealed".  
  49. ^ "Birdman, Michael Keaton and Julianne Moore Win Big at the 2014 Gotham Awards".  
  50. ^ "Independent Spirit Award Nominations 2015: Full List of Nominees".  
  51. ^ "L.A. Film Critics Name 'Boyhood' Best Picture".  
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  53. ^ "National Board of Review Awards Winners: "A Most Violent Year" Wins Best Film".  
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  55. ^ "Boyhood wins top New York Film Critics awards".  
  56. ^ "New York Film Critics Online Name 'Boyhood' Best Picture".  
  57. ^ "Award winners at The Norwegian International Film Festival".  
  58. ^ "Richard Linklater Nabs SFIFF’s Founder’s Directing Award".  
  59. ^ "International Press Academy Reveals Film, TV Nominees".  
  60. ^ "Richard Linklater’s ‘Boyhood’ Wins 3 Awards At Seattle".  
  61. ^ "SXSW: 2014 Jury and Special Award winners announced".  
  62. ^ "Sydney Film Fest: 'The Rover' With Robert Pattinson, Richard Linklater's 'Boyhood' to Compete".  
  63. ^ "SFF 2014 Official Competition winner".  
  64. ^ Adams, Ryan (December 6, 2014). "Washington DC Film Critics announce 2014 Award Nominees". The Awards Circuit. Retrieved December 6, 2014. 
  65. ^ "D.C. Wants to Have a Talk About the Birds and the Boys "Boyhood" and "Birdman" Dominate This Year's Awards".  
  66. ^ "Cinéfest screening unique Thornloe University project — Sudbury Lifestyle News". Northernlife.ca. 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  67. ^ nurun.com (2012-09-21). "Filmmaker gives Perspective". Sudbury Star. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  68. ^ "Points North | Unfinished movie debuts at Cinefest". CBC.ca. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  69. ^ "Cinéfest Sudbury Announces Additional Canadian Feature Presentations". Cinefest. 2013-08-21. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 

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