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Title: Chekavar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kalaripayattu, Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha, Northern kalaripayattu, Ezhava, Single combat, Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker, Suraj Venjaramoodu
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Chekavar (also Chekava, Chekavan, Chevakan, Chon) is an Ezhava sub caste with origins in southern India, including Sri Lanka, Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu.


Chekavar is derived from the Sanskrit words Sevakar, Sevakan or Sevaka, which means soldiers in service or soldiers in royal service.[1][2] Hermann Gundert's English-Malayalam Dictionary, defines the term as militiaman and warrior.[3]


Sangam literature and hero stones found in Tamil Nadu show that Chekavar were engaged in combat, often on behalf of a lord. On these hero stones, Chekavar are generally depicted by an image of an armed man along with a Shiva Linga. Hero stones were erected to commemorate men who had fallen in battle or cattle raids and were traditional during the Sangam period.[4]


Arattupuzha Velayudha Panicker was an Ezhava warrior lived in the 19th century in Kerala who has also fought against the caste oppression by the upper castes. His original name was Kalisseril Velayutha Chekavar. His grandfather, Vallikadavil Perumal Chekavan (Perumalchekon or Perumalchan), was proficient in Tulunadan kalari techniques which were not common in the southern style of Kalaripayattu..

See also


  1. ^ Communal Road to a Secular Kerala.Page 30. George Mathew (Concept Pub.Co, 1989). ISBN . Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  2. ^ Religion and Social Conflict in South Asia.Page 27. Bardwell L. Smith ((BRILL publications ,1976). ISBN . Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  3. ^ Malayalam-English Dictionary, by Dr. Herman Gundert, 1872. Ed. 3, Published by Sahythia Pravarthaka Sahakarana Sangham, Kerala, 2000. Biography.
  4. ^ Women's Lives, Women's Rituals in the Hindu Tradition, Page 113. Bardwell L. SmithTracy Pintchman (Oxford University Press). 2007. ISBN . Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
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