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European Parliament election, 2014 (Spain)

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European Parliament election, 2014 (Spain)

European Parliament election in Spain, 2014

25 May 2014

All 54 Spanish seats to the European Parliament
Turnout 15,998,141 (43.8%)
Decrease1.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Miguel Arias Cañete Elena Valenciano Willy Meyer
Party PP PSOE IP
Alliance EPP S&D
Leader since 9 April 2014[1] 10 February 2014[2] 21 April 2004[3][4]
Last election 24 seats, 42.1% 23 seats, 38.8% 2 seats, 3.7%
Seats won 16 14 6
Seat change Decrease8 Decrease9 Increase4
Popular vote 4,098,339 3,614,232 1,575,308
Percentage 26.1% 23.0% 10.0%
Swing Decrease16.0 pp Decrease15.8 pp Increase6.3 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Pablo Iglesias Francisco Sosa Wagner Ramon Tremosa
Party Podemos UPyD CEU
Alliance EUL–NGL ALDE
Leader since 3 April 2014[5] 3 September 2008[6][7] 24 January 2009[8][9]
Last election Did not stand 1 seat, 2.9% 3 seats, 5.1%
Seats won 5 4 3
Seat change Increase5 Increase3 Steady0
Popular vote 1,253,837 1,022,232 851,971
Percentage 8.0% 6.5% 5.4%
Swing New party Increase3.6 pp Increase0.3 pp

Most voted party in each autonomous community and province.

The European Parliament election of 2014 in Spain was held on 25 May 2014 to elect the country's delegation to the European Parliament. As of the Treaty of Lisbon of 2007, Spain kept the previous 54 seats.

The election was won by the People's Party (PP) with 26.1% of the votes and 16 seats, losing 2.6 million votes and 8 seats from the 24 it had won in 2009. The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) lost 9 seats and 2.5 million votes, obtaining 23.0% of the votes and 14 seats. Another 8 political forces won seats, with newly formed Pablo Iglesias' We Can (Podemos) party winning 5 seats and 8.0% of the votes (1.2 million), an unprecedented result for a party only 4 months old. Podemos' surge and the extent of PP and PSOE vote collapse was not foreseen by opinion polls during the campaign, which had predicted around 32% and 28% of the vote for PP and PSOE respectively, and at most 1 or 2 seats for Podemos. Plural Left (IP) and Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) also obtained satisfactory results, with 10.0% and 6.5% of the vote and 6 and 4 seats, respectively, though this was less than what polls had predicted both during 2013 and earlier in 2014. Other parties and coalitions such as Coalition for Europe (CEU), Left for the Right to Decide (EPDD), Citizens (C's), European Spring (PE) and The Peoples Decide (LPD) also won seats.

So far, this election marks the first time Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) has won an election of any kind in Catalonia since the times of the Second Spanish Republic.

Electoral system

All 54 seats are elected within a single, national district, using the D'Hondt method with no electoral threshold.

Campaign

The electoral campaign started at 12:00 AM on 9 May. However, a traffic accident in Badajoz resulting in the deaths of 5 people (1 adult and 4 children) and 12 injured forced the suspension of the start of the campaign in Extremadura.[10]

On Monday 12 May, Isabel Carrasco, president of the provincial government of [12][13] one of them having been previously fired from the Provincial Deputation presided by Carrasco.[14]

This event forced another suspension of the campaign for 24 hours by most major political parties, except for some minoritary parties who chose not to stop their campaigns.[15][16]

Party slogans

  • People's Party (PP): "What is at stake is the future (Lo que está en juego es el futuro)"[17]
  • Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE): "You move Europe (Tú mueves Europa)"[17]
  • Coalition for Europe (CEU)
    • CiU: "Let us win Europe (Guanyem-nos Europa)"[17]
    • PNV: "More Euskadi, More Europe (Euskadi Gehiago, Europa Berrian / Más Euskadi, más Europa)"[17]
    • CC: "Be demanding for Canarias (Exigente por Canarias)"[17]
    • CxG: "The Europe we want (A Europa que queremos / La Europa que queremos)"[17]
  • Plural Left (IP): "The power of people (El poder de la gente)"[17]
  • Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD): "Unity is strength (La Unión hace la fuerza)"[17]
  • Left for the Right to Decide (EPDD): "Let us begin the new country. Now, in Europe (Comencem el nou país. Ara a Europa.)"[18]
  • The Peoples Decide (LPD)
    • EHB: "Peoples decide (Herriek erabaki / Los pueblos deciden)"[19]
    • BNG: "Rebel for your rights! (Rebélate polos teus dereitos!)"[20]
  • European Spring (PE): "The Europe of people (La Europa de las personas)"[17]
  • Citizens (C's): "The strength of the union (La fuerza de la unión)"[21]
  • We Can (Podemos): "Another Europe is possible, together We Can (Otra Europa es posible, juntos Podemos)", "When was the last time you voted with hope? (¿Cuándo fue la última vez que votaste con ilusión?)" & "Of course We Can! (¡Claro que Podemos!)"[17][22]
  • Vox (VOX): "The solution is to change (La solución es cambiar)"[17]

Opinion polls

Vote

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.

Seats

Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded.

Results

Overall

Summary of the 25 May 2014 European Parliament election results in Spain
Party Vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 4,098,339 26.09 Decrease16.03 16 Decrease8
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 3,614,232 23.01 Decrease15.77 14 Decrease9
Plural Left (IP) 1,575,308 10.03 Increase6.32 6 Increase4
We Can (Podemos) 1,253,837 7.98 New 5 Increase5
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 1,022,232 6.51 Increase3.66 4 Increase3
Coalition for Europe (CEU) 851,971 5.42 Increase0.32 3 ±0
Left for the Right to Decide (EPDD) 630,072 4.01 Increase1.52 2 Increase1
Citizens-Party of the Citizenry (C's) 497,146 3.16 Increase3.02 2 Increase2
The Peoples Decide (LPD) 326,464 2.08 Increase0.96 1 Increase1
European Spring (PE) 302,266 1.92 New 1 Increase1
Vox (VOX) 246,833 1.57 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment to Animals (PACMA) 177,499 1.13 Increase0.87 0 ±0
Blank Seats (Eb) 115,682 0.74 New 0 ±0
Citizen Democratic Renewal Movement (RED) 105,666 0.67 New 0 ±0
X Party, Party of the Future (Partido X) 100,561 0.64 New 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 49,523 0.32 New 0 ±0
Pirate Confederation-European Pirates (Piratas) 38,690 0.25 New 0 ±0
Asturias Forum (FAC) 32,962 0.21 New 0 ±0
Disabled and Rare Diseases (DER) 32,833 0.21 New 0 ±0
Zero Cuts (Recortes Cero) 30,827 0.20 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 29,324 0.19 Increase0.09 0 ±0
Feminist Initiative (IFem) 23,140 0.15 Increase0.09 0 ±0
Spanish Falange of the JONS (FE-JONS) 21,687 0.14 Increase0.08 0 ±0
United Free Citizens (CILUS) 18,287 0.12 New 0 ±0
Social Impulse (Impulso Social) 17,879 0.11 New 0 ±0
Spain Underway (LEM) 17,035 0.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 361,567 2.30 Increase0.91
Total 15,710,216 100.00 54 ±0
Valid votes 15,710,216 98.20 Decrease1.18
Invalid votes 287,925 1.80 Increase1.18
Votes cast / turnout 15,998,141 43.81 Decrease1.09
Abstentions 20,515,943 56.19 Increase1.09
Registered voters 36,514,084
Source: Ministry of the Interior



Results by region

Election results by province.

Results by European parliamentary group

Party Political groups of the 8th European Parliament
EPP S&D GUE/NGL ALDE G-EFA NI
People's Party 16 (PP) Decrease8
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party 14 (PSOE) Decrease9
Plural Left 4 (IU)
1 (Anova)
Increase4 1 (ICV) ±0
Podemos 5 (Podemos) Increase5
Union, Progress and Democracy 4 (UPyD) Increase4 Decrease1
Coalition for Europe 1 (UDC) ±0 1 (CDC)
1 (PNV)
±0
Left for the Right to Decide 1 (ERC)
1 (NECat)
Increase1
Citizens 2 (C's) Increase2
Peoples Decide 1/0 (EHB) Increase1/±0 0/1 (BNG) ±0/Increase1
European Spring 1 (C/Q) Increase1
Total
EPP S&D GUE/NGL ALDE G-EFA NI
17
(34.0%)
Decrease8 14
(28.0%)
Decrease9 11/10
(21.0%)
Increase10/9 8
(16.0%)
Increase6 4/5
(9.0%)
Increase2/3 0
(0.0%)
Decrease1

Aftermath

The election resulted in a massive loss of support for the two main political parties of Spain, which together fell from a combined total of 80.9% in the previous European election to a record-low 49.1% of the vote (a net total of –31.8 pp, –16.0 each one).[23] Podemos, a party running on an anti-establishment platform, won an unprecedented 8.0% of the vote and 5 out of 54 seats to the European Parliament.[24]

The People's Party won in most autonomous communities except in Andalusia, Asturias and Extremadura, where the PSOE won, the Basque Country, where the PNV won, and Catalonia, where ERC won for the first time in 80 years; in these two communities the PP polled fourth. Significant were, however, their results in Madrid, Valencian Community and Murcia; in the first two it polled below the 30% mark for the first time in 25 years, while in the latter it experienced a spectacular drop in support, falling from the 60% mark it had maintained since the 2000 general election to below 40% of the vote. Also, except for the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, it didn't surpass the 40% mark in any region, not even its strongholds of Galicia (where it polled a mere 35%), Castile and León or Castile-La Mancha (38% in both of them).

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, except for those communities where it won, experienced a significant drop in support. It suffered most notably in Catalonia and Basque Country (where it finished in 3rd place). In Catalonia in particular, the PSOE's sister party, the Socialists' Party of Catalonia, had previously won all general and European elections held in the region (except for those of 1994 and 2011, where it polled second just behind Convergence and Union). Until this election, the worst result of the party in this region in such elections had been the 2011 result of 26.7%; in this election it fell to 14.3%.

Other parties benefiting from the collapse of the PP and PSOE parties were United Left-led Plural Left (IP) coalition, which with a 10.0% obtained its best results since 1996, and Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD), whose 6.5% is the highest the party has won in a nation-wide election. The Citizens party (C's) entered the European Parliament with 2 seats and 3.2% of the vote.[25]

Reactions

The election backlash had immediate consequences on the Socialist party (PSOE), which scored its worst result ever in an election held at a nation-wide scale: a bare 23.0% of the vote, compared to the already dismaying results the party had obtained in the general election of 2011, with 28.8%. Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, which had won the party's leadership on a 2012 party federal congress, announced his intention to resign from his post after his party holds an extraordinary Federal Congress on 19–20 July to elect a new Secretary-General, ahead of the scheduled November Socialist primaries to elect the party's candidate for the 2015 election.[26] Rubalcaba also announced his intention not to run in these primaries.[27] Several regional party leaders followed suit and announced their intention to hold regional extraordinary party congresses as well.[28]

On the other hand, People's Party (PP) leaders refused to publicly acknowledge the negative results of the party in the election, despite losing 40% of its 2009 vote and scoring the worst result the party has obtained in a national election since 1989, instead opting to highlight the fact that they had won the election.[29] Despite this, the party had to cancel the victory celebration that was to be held in their national headquarters in Madrid due to the poor affluence of party supporters which went to the place, a result of election results much worse than expected.[30][31] Concerns arose among party regional leaders on the prospects of such electoral results being displayed at the local and regional level in the May 2015 elections, something which could potentially force the PP out from the government of party strongholds' such as Madrid and Valencia.[32]

On 26 May El País ran the headline "Harsh punishment to PP and PSOE",[33] whilst El Mundo declared that "Bipartisanship crumbles".[34] International media focused instead on the rise of Podemos party, with the BBC headlining that "Spain's 'we can' party proves it can" or "Spain's Podemos party challenges system",[35][36] while others stated how the final election results "stunned analysts and pollsters".[37][38]

Abdication of King Juan Carlos I

One week after the election, [42][43] PP, PSOE, UPyD, CC, FAC and UPN all pledged their support for the law's approval.[44] Attention then turned on PSOE's leader Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba as rumours spread about him not resigning right away the day after the election in order to keep controlling the party so as to ensure the affirmative vote of its parliamentary group on the law.[45] This was received with criticism from several of the party's regional federations but also from its militants and the Socialist Youth, openly republican, who demanded the party ask for a referendum on the monarchy issue.[46][47]

Furthermore, there was speculation on the opportunity of the King abdicating at the time he did. In fact, due to the crisis of the bipartisanship self-evidenced by the European election results, the idea of the King precipitating his decision before the 2015 general election, when the election results could translate into PP and PSOE losing a host of seats in the Congress of Deputies, making the building of large majorities more difficult, became extended among public opinion.[48] The fact that the future of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party's position on the monarchy, as well as the future of the party itself, looked uncertain after the debacle in the European election and Rubalcaba's renounciation seemed to have also played a key part in precipitating the King's decision.[49] PM Rajoy said, on the day the King announced he would abdicate, that "This is the best time [for it to happen], within a short time the Prince shall be proclaimed King".[50]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d The composition of these coalitions of parties is different than in 2009 election. Final compositions were not known in early polls, so the exact parties included in each coalition changes among the polls.
  2. ^ a b Poll results are shown projected over candidacy votes (that is, votes going for political parties, excluding blank ballots). The vote percentage in the official election is calculated including blank ballots into the estimation. In order to obtain data comparable to both the official results as well as those of other polls, a rule of three has been applied to the poll projections, with the results of the calculation being shown instead.
  3. ^ a b This survey provides data ranges and/or approximations. In order to simplify, the average of those ranges is given.

References

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