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Executive Office of the President of the United States

 

Executive Office of the President of the United States

Executive Office of the President
Seal of the Executive Office of the President
Flag of the Executive Office of the President
Agency overview
Formed 1939
Headquarters White House
Employees Approximately 4,000
Agency executive Denis McDonough, White House Chief of Staff
Parent agency United States federal government
Website Executive Office of the President

The Executive Office of the President (EOPOTUS or EOP) consists of the immediate staff of the current President of the United States and multiple levels of support staff reporting to the President. The EOP is headed by the White House Chief of Staff, currently Denis McDonough. The size of the White House staff has increased dramatically since 1939, and has grown to include an array of policy experts in various fields.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Organization 2
  • Executive Office of the President 3
    • Council of Economic Advisers 3.1
    • Council on Environmental Quality 3.2
    • Executive Residence Staff 3.3
    • National Security Council 3.4
    • Office of Administration 3.5
    • Office of Management and Budget 3.6
    • Office of National Drug Control Policy 3.7
    • Office of Science and Technology Policy 3.8
    • Office of the United States Trade Representative 3.9
    • Office of the Vice President of the United States 3.10
    • White House Office 3.11
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

In 1939, during

  • WhiteHouse.gov official website
  • Executive Office of the President
  • The Debate Over Selected Presidential Assistants and Advisors: Appointment, Accountability, and Congressional Oversight Congressional Research Service
  • Proposed and finalized federal regulations from the Executive Office of the President of the United States
  • Executive Office of the President of the United States collected news and commentary at The Washington Post

External links

  1. ^ Roosevelt, Franklin D. (April 25, 1939). "Message to Congress on the Reorganization Act". John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters. The American Presidency Project (Santa Barbara: University of California). Retrieved May 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ Mosher, Frederick C. (1975). American Public Administration: Past, Present, Future (2nd ed.). Birmingham: University of Alabama Press.  
  3. ^ Roosevelt, Franklin D. (May 9, 1939). "Message to Congress on Plan II to Implement the Reorganization Act". John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters. The American Presidency Project (Santa Barbara: University of California). Retrieved May 6, 2011. The plan provides for the abolition of the National Emergency Council and the transfer to the Executive Office of the President of all its functions with the exception of the film and radio activities which go to the Office of Education. 
  4. ^ Relyea, Harold C. (March 17, 2008). "The Executive Office of the President: An Historical Overview" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved April 14, 2008. 
  5. ^ Burke, John P. "Administration of the White House". Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Executive Office of the President". The White House. Retrieved April 12, 2014. 

References

See also

  • Office of Scheduling and Advance
  • Office of Presidential Personnel
  • Office of Political Strategy and Outreach
  • Office of Management and Administration
  • Office of Legislative Affairs
  • Office of Digital Strategy
  • Office of Communications
  • Office of Cabinet Affairs

White House Office

Office of the Vice President of the United States

Office of the United States Trade Representative

  • Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy: Dr. John Holdren

Office of Science and Technology Policy

Office of National Drug Control Policy

Office of Management and Budget

Office of Administration

National Security Council

Executive Residence Staff

Council on Environmental Quality

Council of Economic Advisers

(As of April 12, 2014[6])

Only principal executives are listed. For subordinate officers, see individual office pages.

Executive Office of the President

Very few EOP (Executive Office of the President) officials are required to be confirmed by the U.S. Senate, although there are a handful of exceptions to this rule (e.g., the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Chair and members of the Council of Economic Advisers, and the United States Trade Representative). The core White House Staff appointments do not require Senate approval. The staff of the Executive Office of the President is managed by the White House Chief of Staff.

Senior staff within the Executive Office of the President have the title Assistant to the President, second-level staff have the title Deputy Assistant to the President, and third-level staff have the title Special Assistant to the President.

Organization

[5] From 1939 through the present, the situation changed dramatically. New units within the EOP were created, some by statute, some by executive order of the president. Among the most important are the

Roosevelt's efforts are also notable in contrast to those of his predecessors in office. During the nineteenth century, presidents had few staff resources. Thomas Jefferson had one messenger and one secretary at his disposal, both of whose salaries were paid by the president personally. It was not until 1857 that Congress appropriated money ($2,500) for the hiring of one clerk. By Ulysses S. Grant's presidency (1869–1877), the staff had grown to three. By 1900, the White House staff included one "secretary to the president" (then the title of the president's chief aide), two assistant secretaries, two executive clerks, a stenographer, and seven other office personnel. Under Warren G. Harding, the size of the staff expanded to thirty-one, although most were clerical positions. During Herbert Hoover's presidency, two additional secretaries to the president were added by Congress, one of whom Hoover designated as his Press Secretary. From 1933 to 1939, even as he greatly expanded the scope of the federal government's policies and powers in response to the Great Depression, Roosevelt muddled through: his "brains trust" of top advisers, although working directly for the President, often were appointed to vacant positions in agencies and departments, whence they drew their salaries since the White House lacked statutory or budgetary authority to create new staff positions.

[4]

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