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Floyd County, Kentucky

Floyd County, Kentucky
Floyd County Courthouse
Map of Kentucky highlighting Floyd County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1800
Named for John Floyd
Seat Prestonburg
Largest city Prestonburg
 • Total 396 sq mi (1,026 km2)
 • Land 393 sq mi (1,018 km2)
 • Water 2.4 sq mi (6 km2), 0.6%
 • (2010) 39,451
 • Density 100/sq mi (39/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .com.floydcountykentuckywww

Floyd County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,451.[1] Its county seat is Prestonsburg.[2] The county, founded in 1800, is named for Colonel John Floyd (1750–1783).[3][4]


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
  • Economy 5
    • Coal companies in Floyd County 5.1
  • Politics 6
  • Communities 7
  • See also 8
  • Notable natives 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11


On December 13, 1799, the Kentucky General Assembly passed legislation to form Floyd County as the 40th county of Kentucky.[5] The county was made from parts of Fleming, Montgomery, and Mason County, Kentucky. The legislation became effective on June 1, 1800.[5] The county was named for James John Floyd, a pioneer surveyor who helped lay out the city of Louisville. The county seat was Preston's Station, later renamed Prestonsburg. The first court house burned down on April 8, 1808, destroying all the early records, so the earliest records of government activity do not date prior to 1808.[5] Prestonsburg was used as a Confederate stronghold during the Civil War and two battles took place nearby, the Battle of Ivy Mountain on November 8, 1861 and the Battle of Middle Creek on January 10, 1862.[5] Both were Union victories.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 396 square miles (1,030 km2), of which 393 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (0.6%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties


Coal mining has long been a major industry in Floyd County.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,451 people residing in the county. 98.2% were White, 0.7% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% of some other race and 0.6% of two or more races. 0.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 42,441 people, 16,881 households, and 12,272 families residing in the county. The population density was 108 per square mile (42/km2). There were 18,551 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.73% White, 1.29% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The Kentucky Melungeons live primarily in Floyd and Magoffin counties, especially in a valley known as Big Lick in Floyd County.

There were 16,881 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 12.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $21,168, and the median income for a family was $25,717. Males had a median income of $30,242 versus $20,569 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,442. About 26.90% of families and 30.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.80% of those under age 18 and 20.50% of those age 65 or over.


The county's public schools are operated by the Floyd County School District.[13]


Coal companies in Floyd County

  • Blackhawk Mining[14]
  • James River Coal Company[15]


Floyd County is traditionally a Democratic county. The county gave

  • Floyd County Times
  • Floyd County Chamber of Commerce website
  • The Kentucky Highlands Project
  • Sandy Valley Transportation Services, Inc.

External links

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 127. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b c d Kleber, John E. The Kentucky Encyclodpedia (University Press of Kentucky), p. 330
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  13. ^ Floyd County School District
  14. ^ Blackhawk Mining - Operations
  15. ^ James River Coal Company – McCoy Elkhorn complex
  16. ^ The New York Times Electoral Map (Zoom in on Kentucky)
  17. ^ File:PresidentialCounty1860Colorbrewer.gif
  18. ^ Bette Henritze at the Internet Movie Database
  19. ^ Floyd County record of the birth of Bette J. Henritze


  • Bette Henritze, stage, film and TV actress, was born on May 23, 1924, at Betsy Layne.[18][19]

Notable natives

See also


since 1981. Hal Rogers, which has been represented by Republican Kentucky's 5th congressional district It is part of [17] In 2008 its votes went to the Republican Party's presidential candidate for the first time since in the county's history.[16]

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