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Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire

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Title: Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire  
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Language: English
Subject: 1941 in the United Kingdom, United Kingdom declaration of war on Japan, 1941 in Japan, United States declaration of war upon Japan, Tripartite Pact
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire

The declaration of war by the Empire of Japan on the United States and the British Empire was published on December 8, 1941 (Japan time; December 7 in the United States) after Japanese forces had executed an attack on the United States at Pearl Harbor and attacks on British forces in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong. The declaration of war was printed on the front page of all Japanese newspapers' evening editions on December 8. The document was subsequently printed again on the eighth day of each month throughout the war (until Japan surrendered in 1945), to re-affirm the resolve for the war.[1]

Text of the document

Below is the text to the declaration of the war with the boldened texts released in the name of the Emperor of Japan:

Historical context

The document declares the war against the United States and British Empire, discusses their presumed disruptive actions against Empire of Japan's foreign policy and states that all avenues for averting war have been exhausted from the Government of Japan. Japan had invaded much of East Asia to create what they called the "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere", now largely viewed as a pretext for imperialism. In response, the U.S. imposed an oil embargo on Japan in August 1941 to preserve their control in Asia and to contain Japanese actions; Japan saw this as an unfriendly act and retaliated with the bombing and declaration of war on the two countries.

See also


  1. ^ Declaration of War handout
  • Declaration of war by the Empire of Japan on the United States and British Empire
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