World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kickball

Article Id: WHEBN0000882607
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kickball  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of sports, Matball, Deletion review/Log/2007 March 11, List of traditional children's games, Football
Collection: Ball and Bat Games, Ball Games, Sports Originating in the United States
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kickball

Adults playing kickball.

Kickball is a playground game and league game, similar to baseball, invented in the United States in the first half of the 20th century. As in baseball, one team tries to score by having its players return a ball from home base to the field and then circle the bases; while the other team tries to stop them by tagging them "out" with the ball before they can return to the home base. Instead of hitting a small, hard ball with a bat, players kick a large inflated rubber ball; this makes it more accessible to young children. As in baseball, teams alternate half-innings. The team with the most runs after a predefined number of innings wins.

Kickball is a popular playground sport and is typically played among young, school-age children. The lack of both specialized equipment and highly skill-based positions (like pitcher) makes the game an accessible introduction to other sports. It is less popular among adults, who are more commonly known to play similar games like softball and baseball.

"The game seems to afford equal enjoyment to the children and it gives a better understanding of the national game (Baseball), and at the same time affords them an exercise that is not too violent and is full of fun."[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Field 2
  • Kickball in the United States 3
  • Kickball outside of the United States 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Kickball, originally called "Kick Baseball", was invented as early as 1917 by Nicholas C Seuss, Supervisor of Cincinnati Park Playgrounds in Cincinnati, Ohio.[2] Mr. Seuss submitted his first documented overview of the game which included 12 rules and a field diagram in The Playground Book, published in 1917. Kickball is referred to as "Kick Base Ball" and "Kick Baseball" in this book.[3]

Example of a vintage kickball. This example is manufactured by Hutch Sporting Goods Inc. Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Around 1920–1921 "Kick Ball" was used by physical education teachers in public schools to teach young boys and girls the basics of baseball. Around this time, the ball that was used was a soccer ball or volleyball. It was played by ten to thirty players and the field included a "Neutral Zone": an area not to be entered until the ball has actually been kicked. There was no pitcher as the ball would be kicked from the home area, which was a 3 ft circle. The ball must pass beyond the 5 foot line. Base-runners could only advance one base on infield balls. Teams would switch sides only after all team members have kicked.[4]

A game in Madison, Wisconsin, 2006.
Girls playing kickball in Central Park, New York City, 1973.

During this time, it was played on the same field as baseball except that there was only one base corresponding to a baseball diamond's 2nd base. Multiple players could be on base at a time, but all needed to get home before the last kicker kicked and the kicking order had retired.[5]

There were also two short stop player positions: one between 1st and 2nd and the other between 2nd and 3rd. Home plate was marked by a 3 ft by 4 ft rectangle on the ground.[6]

Published in April 1922, Daniel Chase; Supervisor of Physical Education for the New York State Department of Education, describes the earliest known account of adults playing kickball. This game took place at a conference of rural teachers in Mooers Forks, Clinton County, NY where Daniel was teaching games that the teachers could in turn teach to their pupils. They did not have a ball, so they made one out of an old stocking and some rags. The ball was about 7 to 8 inches long and tied off with an old shoelace. The construction of this makeshift ball was demonstrated to the rural teachers by Mr. Braddock Wells. The teachers were assigned numbers to create teams; odd numbers on one team and even numbers on the other. The team captains chose college names to represent each team name. The odds chose Yale & the evens chose Princeton. The game of "Kick Baseball" was the last game they played at the conference to decide the championship for the day. 10 players were chosen for each team and the remaining were organized into a cheering section. Yale kicked first. On the field there was no pitcher, but an extra short-stop between first and second. Only three innings were completed in the heat that day, with Yale ending up as the victor winning 3 to 2. The cheering sections showed great sportsmanship, applauding all good plays impartially.[7]

American World War II correspondent Ernie Pyle reported it being played by U.S. soldiers during the Tunisia Campaign, 1942-1943.[8]

"Kick Ball" was promoted as an informal game for soldiers by the United States Department of the Army as early as 1943. In this variant of the game, all kicks had to be home runs, by beating the kicked ball back to home after consecutive passes to all basemen before throwing them out at home.[9]

Field

The game is typically played on a softball diamond with an 8.5 inch to 16 inch diameter inflated rubber ball. As in baseball/softball, the game uses 3 bases, a pitcher's mound, and a home plate. Sometimes, in less formal games, the field is not bounded by a fence as in softball or baseball, but is open. This may result in informal rule changes to accommodate the field. Also it can be played on a rectangular blacktop area with chalk or paint outlines.

Kickball in the United States

Kickball is mostly considered a child's game in the United States. It gained prominence in the 1970s.[10]

Kickball outside of the United States

Kickball is popular among youth in South Korea. Known as balyagu [발야구 (foot-baseball)], it is a staple in PE classes within elementary schools. Kickball is referred to as "Soccer-Baseball" or "California kickball" in parts of Canada. In Japan kickball is played by elementary school students and is known as キックベース(Kickbase).[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Play, Comprising Games for the Kindergarten, Playground, Schoolroom and College. Little, Brown. 1920. pp. 71–72. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  2. ^ The Playground. Playground and Recreation Association of America. 1969. p. 240. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  3. ^ The Playground Book. Cincinnati Board of Education (Ohio), Cincinnati (Ohio). Board of Park Commissioners. 1917. pp. 82–83. Retrieved 2014-09-17. 
  4. ^ Mind and Body – A Monthly Journal devoted to Phycical Education Vol 27. The Mind and Body Publish Company. 1921. pp. 205–206. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  5. ^ University of the State of New York Bulletin, Issue 724. fortnightly. 1920. pp. 131–132. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  6. ^ School, Church, and Home Games. Association Press. 1922. p. 41. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  7. ^ The Instructor, Volume 31. F.A. Owen Publishing Company. 1922. p. 26. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  8. ^ Here Is Your War; Story of G.I. Joe. H. Holt, New York. 1943. p. 28.  
  9. ^ Informal games for soldiers. U.S. government printing office. 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 2013-09-18. 
  10. ^ Parker, Suzi (25 August 2013). "The Zombies and Non-Prophets of Little Rock". Al Jazeera (New York City). Retrieved 25 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "21 kick Baseball". Toyama Prefectural Board of Education. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 

External links

  • Parker, Ashley (2006-09-15). "Getting a Kick Out of Kickball". The New York Times. Retrieved 2006-09-29. 
  • Skipp, Catharine; Dishongh, Kimberly (2006-08-21). "Trends: All for the Love of the Game". Newsweek. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  • Beja, Marc (2008-02-05). "Still Kicking". Washington Square News. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  • Whirty, Ryan (2009-07-29). "Follow the red bouncing ball". CITY Newspaper. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Fair are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.