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List of United States state legislatures

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List of United States state legislatures

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the United States

Each state in the United States has a legislature as part of its form of civil government. Most of the fundamental details of the legislature are specified in the state constitution. 49 state legislatures are bicameral bodies, composed of a lower house (Assembly, General Assembly, State Assembly, House of Delegates or House of Representatives) and an upper house (Senate). The Nebraska Legislature is the lone unicameral body.

The exact names, dates, term lengths, term limits, electoral districts, and other details are at the discretion of the individual states.

Party summary

The party composition of the legislatures (and party summary of the individual chambers), as of January 31, 2014, is:[1]

31 Republican-controlled legislatures
11 Democratic-controlled legislatures
8 Split legislatures
50 Total

"Split" means that either the two chambers have different majority parties (e.g., Democratic Senate and Republican House), that one chamber is evenly split between parties, or that a coalition or "hung" chamber has occurred.

In several states, the party that controls the legislature may not be the one that usually wins the state in presidential elections. Also note that due to politics, a party with a numerical majority in a chamber may be forced to share power with other parties due to informal coalitions, or outright cede power due to divisions.

The table below shows total state government control, which means the governor and the chamber majorities are all of the same party.

24 Republican-controlled governments
7 Democratic-controlled governments
4 Democratic governor/Republican-controlled legislature
6 Republican governor/Democratic-controlled legislature
1 Independent governor/Republican-controlled legislature
3 Republican governor/Split legislature
5 Democratic governor/Split legislature
50 Total

Statistics

State legislatures

As of January 2015
State Name Lower house Upper house
Name Party strength Term
(years)
Name Party strength Term
(years)
Alabama Legislature House of Representatives R 72–33 4 Senate R 26–8, 1 ind. 4
Alaska Legislature House of Representatives R/Coalition 27(23 R, 4 D)–12 D, 1 ind. 2 Senate R/Coalition 16(14 R, 2 D)–6 D 4
Arizona State Legislature House of Representatives R 38–22 2 Senate R 17–13 2
Arkansas General Assembly House of Representatives R 64–36 2 Senate R 24–11 4
California State Legislature[nb 1] State Assembly D 52–28 2 State Senate D 25–14, 1 vac. 4
Colorado General Assembly House of Representatives D 34–31 2 Senate R 18–17 4
Connecticut General Assembly House of Representatives D 87–64 2 Senate D 21–15 2
Delaware General Assembly House of Representatives D 25–16 2 Senate D 12–9 4
Florida Legislature House of Representatives R 82–37, 1 vac. 2 Senate R 26–14 4
Georgia General Assembly House of Representatives R 120–59, 1 ind. 2 State Senate R 38–18 2
Hawaii State Legislature House of Representatives D 43–8 2 Senate D 24–1 4
Idaho Legislature House of Representatives R 56–14 2 Senate R 28–7 2
Illinois General Assembly House of Representatives D 71–47 2 Senate D 39–20 2 or 4
Indiana General Assembly House of Representatives R 70–30 2 Senate R 40–10 4
Iowa General Assembly House of Representatives R 57–43 2 Senate D 26–24 4
Kansas Legislature House of Representatives R 98–27 2 Senate R 32–8 4
Kentucky General Assembly House of Representatives D 54–46 2 Senate R 26–12 4
Louisiana State Legislature (self-designated)[nb 2] House of Representatives R 59–44, 2 ind. 4 State Senate R 26–13 4
Maine Legislature House of Representatives D 80–69, 2 ind. 2 Senate R 21–14 2
Maryland General Assembly House of Delegates D 90–51 4 Senate D 33–14 4
Massachusetts General Court House of Representatives D 125-35 2 Senate D 34-6 2
Michigan Legislature House of Representatives R 63–47 2 Senate R 27–11 4
Minnesota Legislature House of Representatives R 72–62 2 Senate DFL 39–28 2, 4, 4
Mississippi Legislature House of Representatives R 65–57 4 State Senate R 32–20 4
Missouri General Assembly House of Representatives R 119–44 2 Senate R 25–9 4
Montana Legislature House of Representatives R 59–41 2 Senate R 29–21 4
Nebraska Legislature (unicameral) Legislature (unicameral) Nonpartisan (49 members) R 30-18, 1 Ind. 4 Legislature (unicameral) Nonpartisan (49 members) R 30-18, 1 Ind. 4
Nevada Legislature Assembly R 25–17 2 Senate R 11–10 4
New Hampshire General Court House of Representatives R 239–160, 1 ind. 2 Senate R 14–10 2
New Jersey Legislature General Assembly D 48–32 2 Senate D 24–16 2, 4, 4
New Mexico Legislature House of Representatives R 37–33 2 Senate D 25–17 4
New York State Legislature State Assembly D 106-44 2 State Senate R/Coalition 38(32 R, 6 D)-25 D 2
North Carolina General Assembly House of Representatives R 74–46 2 Senate R 34–16 2
North Dakota Legislative Assembly House of Representatives R 71–23 4 Senate R 31–16 4
Ohio General Assembly House of Representatives R 65–34 2 Senate R 23–10 4
Oklahoma Legislature House of Representatives R 72–29 2 Senate R 40–8 4
Oregon Legislative Assembly House of Representatives D 35–25 2 State Senate D 18–12 4
Pennsylvania General Assembly House of Representatives R 119–84 2 State Senate R 30–20 4
Rhode Island General Assembly House of Representatives D 63–11, 1 ind. 2 Senate D 32–5, 1 ind. 2
South Carolina General Assembly House of Representatives R 78–46 2 Senate R 28–18 4
South Dakota Legislature House of Representatives R 58–12 2 Senate R 27–8 2
Tennessee General Assembly House of Representatives R 73-26 2 Senate R 27–6 4
Texas Legislature House of Representatives R 98–52 2 Senate R 20–11 4
Utah State Legislature[nb 3] House of Representatives R 60–15 2 Senate R 23–4, 2 vac. 4
Vermont General Assembly House of Representatives D 84–55, 5 Prog., 6 ind. 2 Senate D 20–9, 1 ind. 2
Virginia General Assembly House of Delegates R 68–32 2 Senate R 21–19 4
Washington State Legislature[nb 4] House of Representatives D 50–47, 1 vac. 2 State Senate R/Coalition 26(25 R, 1 D)-23 D 4
West Virginia Legislature House of Delegates R 64–36 2 Senate R 18-16 4
Wisconsin Legislature State Assembly R 63–36 2 State Senate R 19–14 4
Wyoming Legislature House of Representatives R 51–9 2 Senate R 26–4 4

Total state legislators = 7383[1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The Constitution of California names it the "California Legislature", but the Legislature brands itself as the "California State Legislature".
  2. ^ The Constitution of Louisiana vests legislative authority in "a legislature, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives," and refers to it as "the legislature" throughout, without officially designating a term for the two houses together. However, the two bodies do use the term "Louisiana State Legislature" in official references to itself.
  3. ^ The Constitution of Utah names it the "Legislature of the State of Utah", but the Legislature brands itself as the "Utah State Legislature".
  4. ^ The Constitution of Washington names it "the legislature of the state of Washington", but the Legislature brands itself as the "Washington State Legislature".

References

  1. ^ a b "2014 State and Legislative Partisan Composition".  

External links

  • National Conference of State Legislatures
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