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Mohammad Baqer Mirza

Mohammad Baqer Mirza better known in the West as Safi Mirza[1] (15 September 1587, Mashhad - 25 January 1615, Rasht) was the oldest son of Shah Abbas the Great and the crown prince of the Safavid Dynasty during Abbas' reign and his own short life. Safi Mirza was caught in one of the court intrigues in which several leading Circassians were involved, which would eventually cost him his life, and the row for becoming the next Shah. The next Shah would become his son, known by his dynastic name Shah Safi.


  • Background 1
  • Offspring 2
  • Sources 3
  • References 4


Of Teimuraz I and Luarsab II, the shah heard rumours that the prince was conspiring against his life with a leading Circassian, Farhad Beg Cherkes. Shortly after, Mohammed Baqir broke protocol during a hunt by killing a boar before the shah had chance to put his spear in. This seemed to confirm Abbas' suspicions and he sunk into melancholy; he no longer trusted any of his three sons.[3] In 1615, he decided he had no choice but to have Mohammed killed. Another Circassian, named Behbud Beg, executed the Shah's orders and the prince was murdered in a hammam in the city of Resht. The shah almost immediately regretted his action and was plunged into grief.[4]

In 1621, Abbas had fallen seriously ill. His heir, Shah Safi.[6]

Unexpectedly, Abbas now chose as heir the son of Mohammed Baqir Mirza, Sam Mirza, a cruel and introverted character who was said to loathe his grandfather because of his father's murder. It was he who in fact did succeed Shah Abbas at the age of seventeen in 1629, taking the name Shah Safi.


Safi Mirza married (1st) at Georgian. Married (3rd) Marta daughter of Eskandar Mirza. He had issue, two sons:

  • (By Del Aram) Prince Shahzadeh Soltan Abul-Naser Sam Mirza, succeeded as Safi.
  • (By Fakhri-Jahan) Prince Shahzadeh Soltan Soleyman Mirza (k. August 1632 at Alamut, Qazvin).


  1. ^ Bomati & Nahavandi 1998, p. 235
  2. ^ "ČARKAS". Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Bomati & Nahavandi 1998, pp. 235–236
  4. ^ Bomati & Nahavandi 1998, pp. 236–237
  5. ^ Savory 1980, p. 95
  6. ^ Bomati & Nahavandi 1998, pp. 240–241


  • Bomati, Yves; Nahavandi, Houchang (1998). Shah Abbas, empereur de Perse 1587–1629 [Shah Abbas, Emperor of Persia, 1587-1629] (in French). Paris, France: Perrin.  
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