World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex

Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex
Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex is located in Kentucky
Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex
Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex
Location within Kentucky today
Location
Coordinates
Country  USA
Region Fayette County, Kentucky
Nearest town Lexington, Kentucky
History
Culture Adena culture
Architecture
Architectural styles Earthworks

The Mount Horeb Earthworks Complex is an Adena culture group of earthworks in Fayette County, Kentucky. It consists of two major components, the Mount Horeb Site 1 and the Peter Village enclosure, and several smaller features including the Grimes Village site, Tarleton Mound, and Fisher Mound.[1] The Peter Village and Grimes Village enclosures were mapped by Rafinesque and featured in Squier and Davis's landmark publication Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley in 1848 as Plate XIV Figures 3 and 4.[2]

Contents

  • Mount Horeb Site 1 1
  • Peter Village enclosure 2
  • Images in Squier and Davis 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Mount Horeb Site 1

This site is the center piece of the University of Kentucky's Adena Park and is located on a bank 75 feet (23 m) above Elkhorn Creek. It is a perfectly circlular 105 feet (32 m) diameter platform, surrounded by a 45 feet (14 m) wide ditch and a 13 feet (4.0 m) wide enclosure with a 33 feet (10 m) wide entryway facing to the west. In 1939 the site was excavated by William S. Webb and the Works Projects Administration. They discovered the remains of a 97 feet (30 m) diameter circular wooden structure on the platform, which Webb speculated was a ceremonial center for a nearby clan. In 1936 the site and 6 acres (24,000 m2) were paid for through private dontations and transferred to the Kentucky Archaeological Society. It is currently owned and operated by the University of Kentucky as part of the Campus Recreation Department.[1]

Peter Village enclosure

The earliest occupation at this site is 300 to 200 BCE and is considered to be a pre-Adena site for harvesting and processing galena, which occurs naturally nearby. At this time the site had an earthen enclosure and a palisade and later a 2 meter deep ditch.[3] Rafinesque described the site as a twenty sided icosogonal polygon 3,767 feet (1,148 m) long with a 15 feet (4.6 m) wide 4 feet (1.2 m) to 8 feet (2.4 m) deep ditch surrounding it. An entryway to the enclosure was located to the south.[1]

Images in Squier and Davis

Mount Horeb, described as "ancient work near Lexington, Kentucky," was featured in the 1848 book Edwin Hamilton Davis.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Susan L. Woodward and Jerry N. McDonald (2002). Indian Mounds of the Middle Ohio Valley. McDonald and Woodward Publishing. pp. 109–113.  
  2. ^  
  3. ^ Lewis, R. Barry (1996). Kentucky Archaeology. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 99–100.  
  4. ^ Ephraim George Squier; Edwin Hamilton Davis (1848). Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley.  

External links

  • Adena Park
  • Earthworks Travel Guide
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Fair are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.