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New York's 16th congressional district

 

New York's 16th congressional district

New York's 16th congressional district
New York 's 16th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
New York 's 16th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Eliot Engel (DBronx)
Cook PVI D+19

New York's 16th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives represented by Eliot Engel.

The 16th district includes the northern Bronx and the southern half of Westchester County, including the suburban cities of Mount Vernon, Yonkers, and Rye.

From 2003 to 2013 the district included the neighborhoods of Bedford Park, East Tremont, Fordham, Hunts Point, Melrose, Highbridge, Morrisania, Mott Haven and University Heights. Yankee Stadium, Fordham University and the Bronx Zoo were located within the district. Before redistricting, the 2010 Census found that approximately 38% of constituents in New York's 16th lived at or below the federal poverty line, the highest poverty rate of any congressional district in the nation.[1] These neighborhoods were largely reassigned to the 15th district after redistricting. The current 16th district, while still containing impoverished areas, such as some neighborhoods of Mount Vernon, also contains affluent areas, such as in Scarsdale and Rye, resulting in a more mixed-income demography.

In 2008, the previous version of this district gave Barack Obama his largest victory margin of any congressional district, a margin of 90% (95%-5%).[2] The current 16th district is not as overwhelmingly Democratic as the previous version, but retains a healthy Democratic majority.

Contents

  • Voting 1
  • List of representatives 2
  • Election results 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Sources 6
    • Books 6.1
  • External links 7

Voting

List of representatives

Representative Party Years Electoral history District components
District created 1803
John Paterson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Uri Tracy Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
Reuben Humphrey Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
District eliminated March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
Morris S. Miller Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Thomas R. Gold Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Henry R. Storrs Federalist March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
Vacant March 4 –
December 3, 1821
The United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1821 were held in April, after the congressional term had already begun. It is not clear when the result was announced or the credentials were issued.
Joseph Kirkland Federalist December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
John W. Cady Adams-Clay
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Montgomery County
Henry Markell Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
Benedict Arnold Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Nathan Soule Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Abijah Mann, Jr. Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
Arphaxed Loomis Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Andrew W. Doig Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
Chesselden Ellis Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Hugh White Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
John Wells Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
George A. Simmons Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
May 30, 1857
George W. Palmer Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
William A. Wheeler Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Orlando Kellogg Republican March 4, 1863 –
August 24, 1865
Died
Vacant August 24, 1865 –
December 3, 1866
Robert S. Hale Republican December 3, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
Orange Ferriss Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
John Rogers Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
James S. Smart Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Charles H. Adams Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
Terence J. Quinn Democratic March 4, 1877 –
June 18, 1878
Died
Vacant June 18, 1878 –
November 5, 1878
John Mosher Bailey Republican November 5, 1878 –
March 3, 1881
Michael N. Nolan Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
Thomas J. Van Alstyne Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
John H. Ketcham Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1893
Redistricted from 13th district
William Ryan Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Westchester County and The Bronx[3]
Benjamin L. Fairchild Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
William L. Ward Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
John Q. Underhill Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
Cornelius A. Pugsley Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
Jacob Ruppert, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1907
Redistricted from 15th district
Francis B. Harrison Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted to 20th district
Peter J. Dooling Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
Redistricted to 15th district
Thomas F. Smith Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Redistricted from 15th district Parts of Manhattan
William Bourke Cockran Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 1, 1923
Died
Vacant March 1, 1923 –
November 6, 1923
John J. O'Connor Democratic November 6, 1923 –
January 3, 1939
James H. Fay Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
William T. Pheiffer Republican January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
James H. Fay Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Ellsworth B. Buck Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1949
Redistricted from 11th district All of Staten Island, parts of Brooklyn
James J. Murphy Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted from 22nd district
Redistricted to 18th district
Parts of Manhattan
John M. Murphy Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1973
Redistricted to 17th district All of Staten Island, parts of Brooklyn
Elizabeth Holtzman Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1981
Parts of Brooklyn
Chuck Schumer Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Redistricted to 10th district
Charles B. Rangel Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Redistricted from 19th district
Redistricted to 15th district
Parts of Manhattan
José E. Serrano Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
Redistricted from 18th district
Redistricted to 15th district
Parts of The Bronx
Eliot Engel Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Redistricted from 17th district Parts of The Bronx, Westchester County

Election results

Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 2010: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 58,478 90.8
Working Families José E. Serrano 3,164 4.9
total José E. Serrano 61,642 95.7 -0.9
Republican Frank Della Valle 2,257 3.5
Conservative Frank Della Valle 501 0.8
total Frank Della Valle 2,758 4.3 +0.9
Majority 58,884 91.4 -1.8
Turnout 64,400 100 -51.1
US House election, 2008: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 123,312 93.7
Working Families José E. Serrano 3,867 2.9
total José E. Serrano 127,179 96.6 +1.3
Republican Ali Mohamed 3,941 3.0
Conservative Ali Mohamed 547 0.4
total Ali Mohamed 4,488 3.4 -1.3
Majority 122,691 93.2 +2.6
Turnout 131,667 100 +123.6
US House election, 2006: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 53,179 90.3
Working Families José E. Serrano 2,945 5.0
total José E. Serrano 56,124 95.3 +0.1
Republican Ali Mohamed 2,045 3.5
Conservative Ali Mohamed 714 1.2
total Ali Mohamed 2,759 4.7 -0.1
Majority 53,365 90.6 +0.2
Turnout 58,883 100 -49.8
US House election, 2004: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 106,739 91.0
Working Families José E. Serrano 4,899 4.2
total José E. Serrano 111,638 95.2 +3.1
Republican Ali Mohamed 4,917 4.2
Conservative Ali Mohamed 693 0.6
total Ali Mohamed 5,610 4.8 -3.1
Majority 106,028 90.4 +6.3
Turnout 117,248 100 +112.9
US House election, 2002: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 50,716 92.1 -3.7
Republican Frank DellaValle 4,366 7.9 +4.2
Majority 46,350 84.1 -8.1
Turnout 55,082 100 -48.8
US House election, 2000: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 103,041 95.8 +0.4
Republican Aaron Justice 3,934 3.7 +0.2
Conservative Richard Retcho 571 0.5 -0.6
Majority 99,107 92.2 +0.2
Turnout 107,546 100 +52.4
US House election, 1998: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 67,367 95.4 -0.9
Republican Thomas W. Bayley, Jr. 2,457 3.5 +0.6
Conservative Owen Camp 756 1.1 +0.3
Majority 64,910 92.0 -1.4
Turnout 70,580 100 -28.9
US House election, 1996: New York District 16
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic José E. Serrano 95,568 96.3
Republican Rodney Torres 2,878 2.9
Conservative Owen Camp 787 0.8
Majority 92,690 93.4
Turnout 99,233 100

See also

References

  1. ^ Sisk, Richard (September 29, 2010). "South Bronx is poorest district in nation, U.S. Census Bureau finds: 38% live below poverty line".  
  2. ^ Swing State Project
  3. ^ Congressional Directory 1st session, 56th congress, page 75

Sources

Books

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links

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