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Title: Peacemakers  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Peacemaker, Pace (surname), Tax resistance, Anti-Poll Tax Unions, Northern California War Tax Resistance
Collection: Nonviolence, Peace Organizations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Peacemakers was an Beatitudes or Sermon on the Mount: “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.”

The group was founded following a conference on “More Disciplined and Revolutionary Pacifist Activity” in Chicago in July 1948 to advocate nonviolent resistance in the service of peace, particularly draft resistance and tax resistance.[1] The group’s members vowed:

(1) to refuse to serve in the armed forces in either peace or war; (2) to refuse to make or transport weapons of war; (3) to refuse to be conscripted or to register; (4) to consider to refuse to pay taxes for war purposes — a position already adopted by some; (5) to spread the idea of peacemaking and to develop non-violent methods of opposing war through various forms of non-cooperation and to advocate unilateral disarmament and economic democracy.[1]

The group was organized largely by Lillian Willoughby, and Edmund Wilson.

The “Tax Refusal Committee” of Peacemakers is credited for founding the modern American war tax resistance movement. Peacemakers published the first guide to war tax resistance in 1963.

Peacemakers differed from other pacifist and nonviolent resistance organizations in its emphasis on small-scale, local, "cell"-based organization and

  1. ^ Gross, David (ed.) We Won’t Pay!: A Tax Resistance Reader ISBN 1-4348-9825-3 pp. 446-447
  2. ^ a b c Cooney, Robert and Michalowski, Helen The Power of the People: Active Nonviolence in the United States (1987) p. 115-8
  3. ^ Gross, David M. (2014). 99 Tactics of Successful Tax Resistance Campaigns. Picket Line Press. p. 49.  


  • Getting Started in War Tax Resistance
  • War Tax Resistance Guide

External links

See also


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