World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Article Id: WHEBN0024066379
Reproduction Date:

Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Free public transport, Tax resistance, Anti-Poll Tax Unions, Northern California War Tax Resistance, All Britain Anti-Poll Tax Federation
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Date: is a network of organizations in Sweden and Norway promoting tax-financed zero-fare public transport with chapters in Stockholm, Gothenburg, Skåne, Östergötland and Oslo.[1] was founded in 2001 by the Swedish Anarcho-syndicalist Youth Federation in response to the increasingly expensive ticket prices in the public transport system in Stockholm. The campaign has received much attention because of the controversial methods used to promote free public transport: encourage people to fare-dodge in the public transport,[2] [3] aiding its members in paying penalty fares through the insurance fund p-kassan.[4]


In 2001, the Stockholm chapter of the Swedish Anarcho-syndicalist Youth Federation (Swedish: SUF, Syndikalistiska Ungdomsförbundet) launched the campaign (literally, as a reaction to a rise in ticket prices by the Stockholm County Council.[1] The domain name .nu, which belongs to the 260-square-kilometre (100 sq mi) island of Niue but is sold primarily to foreigners, was chosen because it means "now" in Swedish. The standard top level domain for Sweden is .se.

With growing membership and interest, the campaign was detached from the SUF to form an independent organization. Local organizations have since started up in Helsinki, Finland.[5] In November 2008, released, a global forum for the free public transport movement.

Ticket fares in Stockholm have increased dramatically over time. By one measure—single ticket price for a 10-kilometre (6.2 mi) journey—Stockholm has the most expensive-to-use public transport in the world, as of March 2009.[6]

Activism demonstrating at the COP15.

In the tradition of the Italian autonomists,[7] advocate self-reduction, where the price of the service is determined by the consumer.[8] Whereas in other cases this is done in agreement with (at least some) employees of the service provider, in the case of fare-dodgers are encouraged to evade fares without seeking permission.

Since its conception has broadened its methods and now functions as a No one is illegal, provides tickets for immigrants living in Sweden without asylum,[12] since a paperless immigrant might otherwise be reported to the police and deported if caught riding without a ticket.


Failing to purchase a ticket or traveling using an incorrect pass is subject to a penalty fare of 1200 SEK in the public transport systems of Stockholm,[13] Gothenburg[14] and Östergötland.[15] In return for a membership fee (paid monthly or biannually) members are refunded by if fined, through the solidarity fund P-kassan.[4] Net income from p-kassan is used in the aforementioned partnership with No one is illegal and to finance the production of flyers, stickers, folders, web pages and other information material. All members of work pro-bono.[12][16]

In December 2009, Västtrafik accused the Gothenburg chapter of operating an unauthorized insurance.[16][17]

Criticism and its organizers have seen substantial criticism, primarily by politicians and transportation companies in each city. The network has been reported to the police for incitement by Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (SL),[18] Västtrafik and ÖstgötaTrafiken, who believe that engages in illegal activities. As of today, no charges have been made. themselves believe that their activities do not conflict with existing legislation.[19]

Many critics believe that fare evasion leads to reduced funds and higher costs for public transport, which must be offset by higher prices for those who do pay their fares.[17][20]

In 2004, the Stockholm University Student Union received media attention after first permitting a meeting of the network on its premises and later barring when criticism was voiced.[21]

Publications has released four larger policy papers: Highway to Hell? criticizing the plans for the express beltway Förbifart Stockholm around Stockholm,[22] Travel Doesn't Have to Cost the Earth proposing a set of measures to make the transport sector in Stockholm more climate-friendly,[23] Till varje pris? (At any cost?) a report about the costs of ticketing in the public transport system in Stockholm,[24] and Trafikmaktsordningen (The Hierarchy of Traffic) regarding the hierarchies of transportation and how it relates to social mobility and social class.[25]

See also


  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ a b
  17. ^ a b
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^

External links

  • official site (English)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Fair are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.