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Serbian American

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Serbian American

Serbian American
Амерички Срби
Total population
199,080 (2012) [1]
350,000+ (est.)
Regions with significant populations
Languages
Religion
Serbian Orthodox
Related ethnic groups
European American

Serbian Americans, also known as American Serbs (Serbian: Срби у Америци), are American citizens of Serb ancestry. As of 2012, there are 199,080 American citizens of Serb ancestry. However, this number may be much higher as there are some 328,547 people who identify as Yugoslavs living in the United States.[2] Those can include Serbian Americans living in the United States for one or several generations, dual Serbian American citizens, or any other Serbian Americans who consider themselves to be affiliated to both cultures or countries.

History

One of the first Serbian immigrants to the Philadelphia in 1815 and later fought in the Texan Revolution. In the 1830s, many Serb sailors and fishermen from Montenegro and Herzegovina immigrated to New Orleans seeking employment. Other Serbs settled in Alabama and Mississippi, as well as California, where they joined the Gold Rush.[3] Serb immigrants first came in significant numbers to the United States in the late 1800s from the Adriatic regions of Austria-Hungary and areas of the Balkans.[4] During this time, most Serb immigrants to the United States settled in mid-western industrial cities or in California, which had a climate similar to that of the Dalmatian coast.[2] Serbian men often found employment in mines, and numerous Serb families moved to mining towns throughout the country. In 1943, many Serbian American miners were killed in the Smith Mine disaster in Montana.[4] The number of Serbs that immigrated to the United States prior to World War II is difficult to determine as Serbian immigrants were often variously classified as Turks, Bulgarians, Croats, Slovenes, Montenegrins, Dalmatians, Bosnians, Herzegovinians and Austro-Hungarians.[2]

During [5]

After World War II many Serbs immigrated to the United States from Yugoslavia after the country came under the authoritarian rule of Serbian Unity Congress (SUC).[7]

Demographics

A total of 187,739 citizens of the United States declared Serb ethnicity in 2010 (while the 2012 American Community Survey has an estimation of 199,080). It is highly likely that among the citizens who declared Yugoslav ethnicity (328,547 in 2010; 310,682 in 2012 estimation), are siblings to or offshoots of American Serbs.[2]

Major centers of Serbian settlement in the United States include Chicago, Milwaukee (12,000[8]), Cleveland, Pittsburgh, and Jackson, California.[2]

Various ethnic organizations put the number of Serbian Americans at more than 350,000.[9]

Number of Serbian Americans
Year Number
1980[10]
100,941
1990[11]
116,975
2000[12]
140,337
2010[13]
187,739

Notable people

Notable Serbian Americans among others include recipients of the [3]

Rose Ann Vuich was the first female member of the California State Senate. Helen Delich Bentley is a former Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the State of Maryland (1985–95). The port of Baltimore was named Helen Delich Bentley Port of Baltimore after her in 2006. Many notable Serbian American come from the field of film and generally art, such as - Brad Dexter and Peter Bogdanovich. Steve Tesich was an Oscar-winning screenwriter, playwright and novelist. He won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1979 for the movie Breaking Away. Predrag Bjelac is mostly known for his roles in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire and The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian, Catherine Oxenberg should also be mentioned among actors, she is a daughter of Princess Jelisaveta Karađorđević, from Karađorđević Dynasty. Charles Simic and Dejan Stojanovic are the finest among poets. Walt Bogdanich (1950) is an investigative journalist. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Specialized Reporting in 1985, the Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting in 2005 and the Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting in 2008. Bogdanich led the team that won the 2008 Gerald Loeb Award for their story "Toxic pipeline". Branko Mikasinovich is a scholar of literature as well as a noted Slavist and journalist. He has appeared as a panelist on Yugoslav press on ABC's "Press International" in Chicago and PBS's "International Dateline" in New Orleans. Alex N. Dragnich is the recipient of the Thomas Jefferson Award for distinguished service to Vanderbilt University, and he is author of numerous books on Serbian/Yugoslav history. Nikola Tesla and Mihajlo Idvorski Pupin are the world-known scientists. Another accomplished Serbian-American scientist, Miodrag Radulovački, was named the 2010 Inventor of the Year at the University of Illinois[14] for producing a dozen potential therapies for sleep apnea. Hall of fame basketball player, Pete Maravich (1947–1988) is listed among the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History.

Volunteers in the Serbian Army

Serbian-Americans volunteered in the First Balkan War.[15]

During World War I, Pupin's Consulate in New York served as a center of Serbian-American diplomacy and volunteering of Serbian-Americans to the Serbian front.[16] In the 1912–18 period, thousands of Serbian-American volunteers came from Alaska and California.[17]

In popular culture

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "2012 American Community Survey". 
  2. ^ a b c d e Powell 2005, pp. 267.
  3. ^ a b Henderson & Olasiji 1995, p. 124.
  4. ^ a b Alter 2013, p. 1257.
  5. ^ Bock-Luna 2005, p. 25.
  6. ^ Powell 2005, pp. 267-268.
  7. ^ Paul 2002, p. 94.
  8. ^ https://www.mail-archive.com/balkannews@yahoogroups.com/msg00978.html
  9. ^ John Powell (1 January 2009). Encyclopedia of North American Immigration. Infobase Publishing. pp. 267–.  
  10. ^ "Rank of States for Selected Ancestry Groups with 100,00 or more persons: 1980".  
  11. ^ "1990 Census of Population Detailed Ancestry Groups for States".  
  12. ^ "Ancestry: 2000".  
  13. ^ "Total ancestry categories tallied for people with one or more ancestry categories reported 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates".  
  14. ^ Serb is Inventor of the Year in Illinois, UIC OTM Announces 2010 Inventor of the Year
  15. ^ Rodney P. Carlisle; Joe H. Kirchberger (1 January 2009). World War I. Infobase Publishing. pp. 11–.  
  16. ^ Serbian Studies 4–5. North American Society for Serbian Studies. 1986. p. 19. 
  17. ^ Serb World 5–6. Neven Publishing Corporation. 1988. p. 40. 

References

Books

External links

  • USA SERBS/Serbian-American network
  • Famous Serbian Americans
  • Chicago Serbs
  • Serbian National Defense Council of America
  • Serb National Federation
  • Serbs for Serbs
  • Serb Life eMagazine
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