World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Smoking in New Zealand

Article Id: WHEBN0019365769
Reproduction Date:

Title: Smoking in New Zealand  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Smoker's face, Smoking in Egypt, Smoking in Sweden, Smoking in Ecuador, Smoking in Greece
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Smoking in New Zealand

The use of tobacco for smoking in New Zealand has been subjected to government regulation for a number of decades. On 10 December 2004, New Zealand became the third country in the world to make all indoor workplaces including bars and restaurants smoke-free.

Consumption

The number of cigarettes available for consumption, a statistical measure that reflects sales, has generally been decreasing since they peaked at 6.3 billion in 1977 but consumption has remained constant from 2005 through to 2008 at 2.4 billion cigarettes. Over the last 30 years the number of cigarettes that have been available has dropped by 61.5%. The volume of tobacco available for consumption rose to a new high of 904 tonnes and was 83.3 percent higher than the lowest amount recorded in 1985.[1]

Legislation

The first building in the world to have a smoke-free policy was the Old Government Building in Wellington, New Zealand, in 1876. This policy was enacted over concerns about the threat of fire, as it is the second largest wooden building in the world.[2]

The earliest attempt at tobacco control was in 1907, when the government moved to ban tobacco sales to persons under the age of 16, as it was feared that tobacco would "stunt" a minor's growth. However, this law was not enforced until 1988. In 1997, the age restriction was increased to 18 years. Although it is now illegal to sell tobacco products to a minor, a minor may still publicly consume, possess and distribute tobacco to friends without penalty (as opposed to alcohol).

The Smoke-free Environments Act 1990 was passed to prevent the effects of passive smoking on other people by restricting cigarette smoking in places such as workplaces and schools.[3]

New Zealand passed an amendment to the Smoke-free Environments Act 1990 law on 3 December 2003 (effective in 2004) which covers all indoor public workplaces and hospitality venues (pubs, bars, nightclubs, charter club bars, restaurants and casinos). Studies have shown very high levels of compliance with the law. Also, the air quality at indoor hospitality venues is very good compared to similar settings in other countries where smoking is still permitted.[4]

Outdoor smoke-free laws cover the grounds of all schools, some council-owned parks (e.g., in South Taranaki and Upper Hutt), the grounds of some hospitals, stadiums and several university campuses (e.g. Massey University, University of Auckland,[5] AUT)Waikato University. However, these laws are not strictly enforced apart from a polite request from security guards and property owners. The government has not moved to restrict smoking in cars, but has run mass media campaigns that promote smoke-free cars and homes.

Smoking on domestic flights was banned in 1988 and on all international flights as of 1996.

Cigarette advertising was banned on TV and radio in 1963, on cinemas and billboards in 1971, and in print media in 1990. Tobacco sponsorship was phased out in 1995 and tobacco signage banned from outside shops the same year. Tobacco displays themselves were banned in 2012.[6]

The sale of single cigarettes was banned in early 1998, and cigarettes are required to be sold in packs of no less than 20.

The New Zealand government's National Drug Policy 2007-2012 seeks to reduce the effects of tobacco use by limiting availability, limiting the use of tobacco, and reducing harm from existing tobacco use.[7]

Lobbying

The National Tobacco Company Ltd building in Napier, New Zealand.

On 5 September 2007, Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) called for the removal of tobacco from sale by 2017.[8] Tobacco displays in shops were banned in 2012.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Alcohol and Tobacco Available for Consumption: Year ended December 2007". Statistics New Zealand. 2008-02-22. Retrieved 2008-09-17. 
  2. ^ Department of Conservation
  3. ^ Smoke-free Environments Act 1990
  4. ^ Smokefree Law
  5. ^ http://www.calendar.auckland.ac.nz/policies/smoke-free.html
  6. ^ "Plain packets to follow tobacco display ban". 3 News NZ. 23 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Ministerial Committee on Drug Policy (March 2007). National Drug Policy 2007-2012. Wellington: Ministry of Health.  
  8. ^ Action on Smoking and Health
  9. ^ "ASH backing tobacco display ban". 3 News NZ. July 23, 2012. 

Further reading

  • Thomson, George; Wellington School of Medicine. The tobacco industry in New Zealand: a case study of the behaviour of multinational companies. Public health monograph series. Wellington, N.Z: Dept. of Public Health, Wellington School of Medicine and Health Sciences.  

External links

  • Ministry of Health - Tobacco Control and Smoking page
  • National Drug Policy New Zealand
  • Ministry of Health - links to lobby groups and stop smoking groups
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Fair are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.