World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

South Carolina's 6th congressional district

Article Id: WHEBN0005897499
Reproduction Date:

Title: South Carolina's 6th congressional district  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: South Carolina's congressional districts, Jim Clyburn, South Carolina's 1st congressional district, Andrew Pickens (congressman), Joseph Calhoun
Collection: Bamberg County, South Carolina, Berkeley County, South Carolina, Calhoun County, South Carolina, Charleston County, South Carolina, Clarendon County, South Carolina, Colleton County, South Carolina, Congressional Districts of South Carolina, Dorchester County, South Carolina, Florence County, South Carolina, Georgetown County, South Carolina, Lee County, South Carolina, Marion County, South Carolina, Orangeburg County, South Carolina, Richland County, South Carolina, Sumter County, South Carolina, Williamsburg County, South Carolina
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

South Carolina's 6th congressional district

South Carolina's 6th congressional district
South Carolina's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
South Carolina's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Jim Clyburn (DColumbia)
Population (2000) 668,670
Median income $28,967
Ethnicity 40.8% White, 57.0% Black, 0.5% Asian, 1.5% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% other
Cook PVI D+17

The 6th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in central and eastern Orangeburg and Richland counties. The district borders were shifted south in the 2012 redistricting. It lost its share of the North Carolina border, and now takes in part of the area near the South Carolina-Georgia border.

The district was defined in the early 1990s in a deal between state Republicans (mostly white) and Democrats (mostly black) in the South Carolina General Assembly to ensure a majority-black population, known as a majority-minority district. The rural counties of the historical black belt in South Carolina make up much of the district, but it sweeps south to include most of the majority-black precincts in and around Charleston, and sweeps west to include most of the majority-black precincts in and around Columbia. In all of its configurations, its politics have been dominated by black voters in the Columbia and Charleston areas.

Following the Reconstruction era, the white Democratic-dominated legislature passed Jim Crow laws, as well as a new constitution in 1895 that effectively disfranchised blacks, crippling the Republican Party in the state. For most of the next 60 years, South Carolina was essentially a one-party state dominated by the Democrats, and blacks were nearly excluded from the political system.

Demographic and political changes have included the Great Migration (African American) of blacks out of the state during the Jim Crow era in the first half of the 20th century. At the same time, many white Democrats felt chagrin at the national party's greater support of civil rights for blacks from the 1940s onward, and began splitting their tickets in federal elections. After successes of the African American Civil Rights Movement in gaining passage of federal legislation in the mid-1960s to enforce their constitutional rights and ability to vote, blacks in South Carolina supported national Democratic candidates. This prompted a massive wave of party-switching in which white conservatives began moving into the Republican Party.

Since the late 20th century, South Carolina politics have been very racially polarized. Republicans in South Carolina have been mostly white, and most African Americans in the state continue to support the Democrats. In the 21st century, the 6th is considered the only "safe" Democratic district in the state.

Before 1993, this district included the northeastern part of the state, from Darlington to Myrtle Beach. It was a classic "Yellow Dog" Democratic district; in this configuration it only elected two Republicans, both for a single term. In 2012, the new 7th congressional district was created; it includes much of the territory that was in the 6th for most of the 20th century.

Jim Clyburn, a Democrat and the current Assistant House Minority Leader, has represented this district since first being elected in 1992.

Contents

  • List of representatives 1
  • Historical district boundaries 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

List of representatives

Name Years Party Electoral history
District created in 1793
Andrew Pickens March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Anti-
Administration
Samuel Earle March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Democratic-
Republican
William Smith March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Democratic-
Republican
Abraham Nott March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Federalist
Thomas Moore March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Democratic-
Republican
Redistricted to the 7th district
Levi Casey March 4, 1803 –
February 3, 1807
Democratic-
Republican
Died
Joseph Calhoun June 2, 1807 –
March 3, 1811
Democratic-
Republican
John C. Calhoun March 4, 1811 –
November 3, 1817
Democratic-
Republican
Resigned after being appointed Secretary of War
Eldred Simkins January 24, 1818 –
March 3, 1821
Democratic-
Republican
George McDuffie March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Democratic-
Republican
Redistricted to the 5th district
John Wilson March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Jacksonian
Democratic-Republican
Redistricted from the 7th district
March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Jacksonian
Warren R. Davis March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
Jacksonian Died
March 4, 1831 –
January 29, 1835
Nullifier
Waddy Thompson, Jr. September 10, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Anti-
Jackson
March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Whig
William Butler March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Whig
Isaac E. Holmes March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1851
Democratic Redistricted from the 1st district
William Aiken, Jr. March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Democratic Redistricted to the 2nd district
William W. Boyce March 4, 1853 –
December 21, 1860
Democratic Retired
Civil War - Occupation and Reconstruction - Not Allocated
District eliminated in 1867
District re-established 1883
George W. Dargan March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1891
Democratic
Eli T. Stackhouse March 4, 1891 –
June 14, 1892
Democratic Died
John L. McLaurin December 5, 1892 –
May 31, 1897
Democratic Resigned after being elected to US Senate
James Norton December 6, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Democratic
Robert B. Scarborough March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
Democratic
J. Edwin Ellerbe March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1913
Democratic
J. Willard Ragsdale March 4, 1913 –
July 23, 1919
Democratic Died
Philip H. Stoll October 7, 1919 –
March 3, 1923
Democratic
Allard H. Gasque March 4, 1923 –
June 17, 1938
Democratic Died
Elizabeth H. Gasque September 13, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
Democratic
John L. McMillan January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1973
Democratic Lost primary to John Jenrette in 1972
Edward Lunn Young January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
Republican Beat Jenrette in 1972 only to lose to him two years later.
John Jenrette January 3, 1975 –
December 10, 1980
Democratic First sought the office in 1972, winning on his second attempt. Defeated for reelection in 1980 and resigned early as a result of the ABSCAM scandal
John L. Napier January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Republican Defeated for reelection
Robin Tallon January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Democratic Retired when district was redistricted as a minority-majority district
Jim Clyburn January 3, 1993 –
Present
Democratic First elected in 1992

Historical district boundaries

1995 - 2013

See also

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Fair are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.