World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Surrealistic Pillow

Surrealistic Pillow
Studio album by Jefferson Airplane
Released February 1967 (1967-02)[1]
Recorded October 31 – November 22, 1966 in RCA Victor's Music Center, Hollywood, California
Genre
Length

34:48

59:03 (2003 reissue)
Label RCA Victor
Producer Rick Jarrard[4]
Jefferson Airplane chronology
Jefferson Airplane Takes Off
(1966)
Surrealistic Pillow
(1967)
After Bathing at Baxter's
(1967)
Singles from Surrealistic Pillow
  1. "Somebody to Love"
    Released: April 1, 1967
  2. "White Rabbit"
    Released: June 24, 1967
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic [5]
The Village Voice B+[6]

Surrealistic Pillow is the second album by American rock band Jefferson Airplane, released in February 1967 as RCA Victor LSP-3766 (stereo) & LPM-3766 (mono).[1] It is the first album by the band with vocalist Grace Slick and drummer Spencer Dryden. The album peaked at #3 on the Billboard album chart, and has been certified a gold album by the RIAA.[7]

Original drummer Alexander "Skip" Spence had left the band in mid-1966, replaced by Los Angeles jazz drummer Spencer Dryden, a nephew of filmmaker Charlie Chaplin. New lead vocalist Slick, formerly with another San Francisco rock band the Great Society, joined the Airplane in the fall of 1966. Slick, Dryden, Marty Balin and guitarist-songwriter Paul Kantner formed the core of the best-known line-up of the group, which would remain stable until Dryden's departure in early 1970.

The album is considered to be one of the quintessential works of the early psychedelic rock and 1960s counterculture eras.[8][9][10][11]

Contents

  • Album overview 1
  • Singles and reissues 2
  • Track listing 3
    • 1967 UK release 3.1
  • Personnel 4
  • Charts 5
  • Certifications 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Album overview

Jefferson Airplane's fusion of folk rock and psychedelia was original at the time, in line with musical developments pioneered by The Byrds, The Mamas & the Papas, Bob Dylan, The Yardbirds, and The Beatles, among other mid-1960s rock bands. Surrealistic Pillow was the first blockbuster psychedelic album by a band from San Francisco, announcing to the world the active bohemian scene that had developed there starting with The Beats during the 1950s, extending and changing through the 1960s into the Haight-Ashbury counterculture. Subsequent exposure generated by the Airplane and others wrought great changes to that counterculture, and by 1968 the ensuing national media attention had precipitated a very different San Francisco scene than had existed in 1966. San Francisco photographer Herb Greene photographed the band for the album's cover art.[12]

Some controversy exists as to the role of Grateful Dead guitarist Jerry Garcia in the making of the album. His reputed presence on several tracks is denied by producer Rick Jarrard,[13] but he is credited on the RCA label copy,[13] as well as receiving credits on the Flight Log compilation[14] and the Jefferson Airplane Loves You box set.[15] In his sleeve notes for Early Flight [16] - the 1974 compilation album of previously unreleased material - the band's sometime manager Bill Thompson writes only that Garcia was, "listed as 'spiritual advisor' on the album cover [and] played one of the guitars", on "In The Morning", a track recorded at the "Surrealistic Pillow" sessions, but first included on the album on the 2003 reissue. Garcia himself recalled in a mid-1967 interview that he'd played the high lead on "Today," played on "Plastic Fantastic Lover" and "Comin' Back to Me," and that he had arranged and essentially rewritten "Somebody to Love." He also played on two songs not released until the reissue ("JPP McStep B Blues" as well as "In the Morning") and may have played on "How Do You Feel." Kaukonen said that Garcia was essentially the producer who arranged the songs. A comment by Garcia about the music being "as surrealistic as a pillow" also reportedly inspired the album title.[17][18]

Singles and reissues

Two singles released from the album later in the year, "Somebody to Love" and "White Rabbit," peaked respectively at #5 and #8 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, and are the band's only Top 40 hits on that chart. The album was mixed in both mono and stereo, and both mixes are available on two 2001 reissues, an RCA Gold CD edition and as part of the Ignition box set. Another stereo reissue appeared on August 19, 2003, with seven bonus tracks, including the mono A-sides of "Somebody to Love" and "White Rabbit." The 2003 reissue was produced by Bob Irwin. The original United Kingdom version of the LP was a mish-mash of the United States version and their first LP, Jefferson Airplane Takes Off.

In 2003, the album was ranked number 146 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time".[19]

Track listing

Side one
  1. "She Has Funny Cars" (Jorma Kaukonen, Marty Balin) – 3:14
  2. "Somebody to Love" (Darby Slick) – 3:00
  3. "My Best Friend" (Skip Spence) – 3:04
  4. "Today" (Balin, Paul Kantner) – 3:03
  5. "Comin' Back to Me" (Balin) – 5:23
Side two
  1. "3/5 of a Mile in 10 Seconds" (Balin) – 3:45
  2. "D.C.B.A.–25" (Kantner) – 2:39
  3. "How Do You Feel" (Tom Mastin) – 3:34
  4. "Embryonic Journey" (Kaukonen) – 1:55
  5. "White Rabbit" (Grace Slick) – 2:32
  6. "Plastic Fantastic Lover" (Balin) – 2:39
2003 reissue bonus tracks
  1. "In the Morning" (Kaukonen) – 6:21
  2. "J.P.P. McStep B. Blues" (Spence) – 2:37
  3. "Go to Her" (Version two) (Kantner, Irving Estes) – 4:02
  4. "Come Back Baby" (traditional, arranged Kaukonen) – 2:56
  5. "Somebody to Love" (Mono single version) (Darby Slick) – 2:58
  6. "White Rabbit" (mono single version) (Grace Slick)/"D.C.B.A.-25" (instrumental) – 5:21

1967 UK release

Side one[20]
  1. "My Best Friend"
  2. "3/5 Of A Mile In 10 Seconds"
  3. "D.C.B.A. - 25"
  4. "How Do You Feel"
  5. "Embryonic Journey"
  6. "Don't Slip Away" (Balin, Spence)[n 1]
Side two[20]
  1. "Come Up The Years" (Balin, Kantner)[n 1]
  2. "Chauffeur Blues" (Lester Melrose)[n 1]
  3. "Today"
  4. "Comin' Back To Me"
  5. "Somebody To Love"
  1. ^ a b c These tracks were originally issued in the US on Jefferson Airplane Takes Off.

Personnel

Jefferson Airplane
Additional personnel

Charts

Album
Year Chart Position
1967 Billboard 200 3
Single
Year Single Chart Position
1967 "My Best Friend" Billboard Pop Singles 103
1967 "Somebody to Love" Billboard Pop Singles 5
1967 "White Rabbit" Billboard Pop Singles 8

Certifications

Organization Level Date
RIAA – USA Gold July 24, 1967

References

  1. ^ Fox, Penelope (2012). Daisy in a Gun Barrel: Peace & Freedom, Love & War, Rock & Roll, the 1960s. Xlibris.  
  2. ^ Surrealistic Pillow at AllMusic
  3. ^ "Welcome to the Studio". jeffersonairplane.com. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Eder, Bruce. > Review"Surrealistic Pillow"Jefferson Airplane: at AllMusic. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  5. ^ Christgau, Robert (December 20, 1976). "Christgau's Consumer Guide to 1967".  
  6. ^ RIAA Gold and Platinum database retrieved 24 February 2012.
  7. ^ Nick Talevski (7 April 2010). Rock Obituaries - Knocking On Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. pp. 144–.  
  8. ^ Martin Charles Strong (2006). The Essential Rock Discography. Canongate. pp. 559–.  
  9. ^ Eder, Bruce. "Jefferson Airplane: Surrealstic Pillow". allmusic.com. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved 2014-06-11. 
  10. ^ James E. Perone (2004). Music of the Counterculture Era. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 117–.  
  11. ^ Surrealistic Pillow (Vinyl back).  
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Tamarakin, Jeff (2003). Got a Revolution: The Turbulent Flight of Jefferson Airplane. Simon and Schuster.  
  13. ^ a b Flight Log (Vinyl booklet).  
  14. ^ a b Jefferson Airplane Loves You (booklet).  
  15. ^ a b c Early Flight (Vinyl gatefold).  
  16. ^ http://deadessays.blogspot.com/2010/12/jerry-garcia-surrealistic-pillow.html
  17. ^ http://jgmf.blogspot.com/2010/12/garcia-on-jefferson-airplane.html
  18. ^ "The RS 500 Greatest Albums of All Time".  
  19. ^ a b at Discogs.comSurrealistic PillowUK issue of

External links

  • Surrealistic Pillow (Adobe Flash) at Radio3Net (streamed copy where licensed)
  • Album entry at Jefferson Airplane's website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Fair are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.