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Tat people (Iran)

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Title: Tat people (Iran)  
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Subject: Ethnic groups in West Asia, Ethnic groups in Iran, Tati language (Iran), Persian people, Kurds
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Tat people (Iran)

Tat people of Iran
Total population
about 300,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
Northern Iran, especially in the south of Qazvin province
Tati language (Iran)
Related ethnic groups
Talysh people, Azerbaijani people, and peoples of Iran

Tat people of Iran (Persian: تات‌های ایران) are an Iranian people, very limited and Sporadic living Northern Iran, especially in the south of Qazvin province. They are a subgroup of the Persians.

Tats of Iran use the Tati language (Iran), is a group of northwestern Iranian dialects which are closely related to the Talysh language. Persian and Azeri are also spoken. Tats of Iran are mainly Shia Muslims and about 300,000 population.[2][3][4][5][6]

Starting from the Middle Ages, the term Tati was used not only for the Caucasus but als for north-western Iran, where it was extended to almost all of the local Iranian languages except of Persian and Kurdish.

Currently the term Tati and Tati language is used to refer to a particular group of north-western Iranian dialects (Chali, Danesfani, Hiaraji, Hoznini, Esfarvarini, Takestani, Sagzabadi, Ebrahimabadi, Eshtehardi, Hoini, Kajali, Shahroudi, Harzani) in Iranian Azerbaijan, as well as south of it in the provinces of Qazvin and Zanjan.[7] These dialects have a certain affinity to the Talysh language as one of the descendants of the Old Azari language.[8]

The use of the name Tati to two different Iranian languages erroneously suggests that the Caucasian Tats also live in Iran.

See also


  1. ^ Ethnologue, Languages of the World: Tati people including Alviri-Vidari, Eshtehardi, Gozarkhani, Harzani (Population: 28.100 in 2000), Kabatei, Kajali, Karingani (Population: 17.600 in 2000), Kho’ini, Koresh-e Rostam, Maraghei, Razajerdi, Rudbari, Shahrudi, Takestani (Population: 220,000) and Taromi, Upper ethnic groups.
  2. ^ Persian WorldHeritage (تات‌های ایران)
  3. ^ it is also spoken in some villages like Vafs and Chehreghan in the central areas of Iran like Gholamhossein Mosahab's The Persian Encyclopedia
  4. ^ Paul, Ludwig (1998a). The position of Zazaki among West Iranian languages. In Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference of Iranian Studies, 11-15.09.1995, Cambridge, Nicholas Sims-Williams (ed.), 163-176. Wiesbaden: Reichert.
  5. ^ Andrew Dalby, Dictionary of Languages: the definitive reference to more than 400 languages, Columbia University Press, 2004, pg 496.
  6. ^ "Azari, the Old Iranian Language of Azerbaijan," Encyclopaedia Iranica, op. cit., Vol. III/2, 1987 by E. Yarshater. External link: [1]
  7. ^ Языки мира. Иранские языки. Северо-западные иранские языки. с. 106-107. М., Индрик, 1999 г.
  8. ^ تات

External links

  • , one of Tati dialectsEshtehārdiIranica entry on
  • Sample of the Gozarkhani language
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