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From Biology to Economy : Development of a Computable General Equilibrium Model (Cgem) Applied to the French Fishery Sector

By Bernard, Pascal

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Book Id: WPLBN0000105275
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Title: From Biology to Economy : Development of a Computable General Equilibrium Model (Cgem) Applied to the French Fishery Sector  
Author: Bernard, Pascal
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: United Nations., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO agriculture series, Agriculture
Collections: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Collection
Historic
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Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Digitizer: Fao

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Bernard, P. (n.d.). From Biology to Economy : Development of a Computable General Equilibrium Model (Cgem) Applied to the French Fishery Sector. Retrieved from http://worldebookfair.com/


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Electronic reproduction.

Excerpt
Excerpt: Classic bio-economic approaches have shown their interest but also their limits in helping decisions makers in fishery management. Many authors have emphasized the discrepancy between predictions of these models and current problems mainly dealing with fish resource scarcity and regulation of the fishery sector through the market. Since a decade, other methodologies based on General Equilibrium Modelling applied to the fishery sector have emerged (Bernard, 1998). In this context, the PECHDEV project financed by the European Union aims to develop those methods to account for the contribution made by the activities of fishery and aquaculture to the development of regions dependent on fishing. This paper presents a first step in modelling based on the whole French fishery sector. It aims to show the relations linking the economic and biological frameworks by simultaneously integrating optimisation behaviours of the economic actors and fish population dynamics. Two biological production functions are estimated in the North-east Atlantic, one for the whole resources and another one for the demersal gadoid group in order to analyse their potential impact on the fish production sector in France. The production functions defined allow to take account for different types of reactivity in effort allocation for the foreign fishing fleets targeting the same stocks as the French fleet. Besides the technical aspects, some simulation results are presented regarding the consequences of a variation in some tools of economic policy (taxes for instance) on the whole market and on the state of the stocks. Some sensitivity analyses are conducted to test the assumptions made and discuss the results obtained.

 

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