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Chapter 7 Grazing Management in Mongolia

By Suttie, J. M.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000134672
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.5 MB
Reproduction Date: Available via World Wide Web.
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Title: Chapter 7 Grazing Management in Mongolia  
Author: Suttie, J. M.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: United Nations., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO agriculture series, Agriculture
Collections: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Digitizer: Fao

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Suttie, J. M. (n.d.). Chapter 7 Grazing Management in Mongolia. Retrieved from http://worldebookfair.com/


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Nutrition Reference Publication

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Electronic reproduction.

Excerpt
Excerpt: Eighty percent of Mongolia is extensive grazing and a further ten percent is forest or forest scrub that is also grazed. Its climate is arid to semi -arid and the frostfree period of most of the steppe is one hundred days; transhumant herding on natural pasture is the only sustainable way of using such land. Cattle , with yak in the higher areas, horses, camels , sheep and goats are raised; local breeds are used. During the past century management has changed from traditional transhumance, to collectives that retained herd mobility from the fifties, to private herding from 1992. While livestock are now privately owned, grazing rights have not yet been allocated; this causes problems for maintenance of pastoral infrastructure and respect of good grazing practice. Stock numbers have risen since privatization and are now above the previous high of 1950; weakness of the traditional export market and increase in the number of herding families are contributing factors. Pasture condition is generally sound, although, recently, localized overgrazing has occurred close to urban centres and main routes. Considerable tracts are undergrazed because of breakdown of water supplies or remoteness from services. Major improvement of grazing management and pastoral production requires enactment of legislation appropriate to the new management system and organization of the herding population. Increased family hay production from natural herbage would improve overwintering survival. Transhumant herding of hardy, local stock, has proved sustainable over centuries and is still thriving.

 

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