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World Health Organization : Year 2002 ; Assessment Document, A76549: 25 Questions and Answers on Health and Human Rights

By World Health Organization

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Book Id: WPLBN0000142824
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 1.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: World Health Organization : Year 2002 ; Assessment Document, A76549: 25 Questions and Answers on Health and Human Rights  
Author: World Health Organization
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization


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Organization, W. H. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Year 2002 ; Assessment Document, A76549. Retrieved from

Medical Reference Publication

The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health as a fundamental right of every human being was enshrined in WHO’s Constitution over fifty years ago. In our daily work, WHO is striving to make this right a reality for everyone, paying particular attention to the poorest and most vulnerable. The human rights discourse provides us with an inspirational framework as well as a useful guide for analysis and action. The United Nations human rights mechanisms provide important avenues towards increasing accountability for health. Attention to human rights is growing worldwide. WHO is actively engaged in increasing its understanding of human rights in relation to health. We are learning from other United Nations agencies, the international community, and other stakeholders.

Table of Contents
Table of Contents Abbreviations and Acronyms 6 Section 1: Health and Human Rights Norms and Standards 7 Q.1 What are human rights? 7 Q.2 How are human rights enshrined in international law? 7 Q.3 What is the link between health and human rights? 8 Q.4 What is meant by “the right to health”? 9 Q.5 How does the principle of freedom from discrimination relate to health? 11 Q.6 What international human rights instruments set out governmental commitments? 12 Q.7 What international monitoring mechanisms exist for human rights? 12 Q.8 How can poor countries with resource limitations be held to the same human rights standards as rich countries? 14 Q.9 Is there, under human rights law, an obligation of international cooperation? 14 Q.10 What are governmental human rights obligations in relation to other actors in society? 15 Section 2: Integrating Human Rights in Health 16 Q.11 What is meant by a rights-based approach to health? 16 Q.12.What is the value-added of human rights in public health? 18 Q.13.What happens if the protection of public health necessitates the restriction of certain human rights? 18 Q.14 What implications could human rights have for evidence-based health information? 19 Q.15 How can human rights support work to strengthen health systems? 20 Q.16 What is the relationship between health legislation and human rights law? 21 Q.17 How do human rights apply to situational analyses of health in countries? 21 Section 3: Health and Human Rights in a Broader Context 22 Q.18 How do ethics relate to human rights? 22 Q.19 How do human rights principles relate to equity? 22 Q.20 How do health and human rights principles apply to poverty reduction? 23 Q.21 How does globalization affect the promotion and protection of human rights? 24 Q.22 How does international human rights law influence international trade law? 25 Q.23 What is meant by a rights-based approach to development? 26 Q.24 How do human rights law, refugee law and humanitarian law interact with the provision of health assistance? 27 Q.25 How does human rights relate to health development work in countries? 28 Annex I: Legal Instruments 29 Annex II: United Nations Human Rights Organizational Structure 32 Table of Contents 8 ACC Administrative Committee on Coordination CAT Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984) CCA Common Country Assessment CCPOQ Consultative Committee on Programme and Operational Questions CDF Comprehensive Development Framework CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979) CERD International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1963) CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) ECOSOC Economic and Social Council IACHR Inter-American Commission on Human Rights ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) and its two Protocols (1966 and 1989) ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) ILO International Labour Organisation IMF International Monetary Fund NGO Non-Governmental Organization OHCHR United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights PAHO Pan-American Health Organization PRSP Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper UN United Nations TRIPS Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights UDHR Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNDAF United Nations Development Assistance Framework UNGASS United Nations General Assembly Special Session UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund WANAHR World Alliance for Nutrition and Human Rights WHO World Health Organization WTO World Trade Organization Abbreviations and Acron


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