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Managing Manure Nutrients at Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations December 2004

By Environmental Protection Agency

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Book Id: WPLBN0000151615
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 6.1 MB
Reproduction Date: 2007

Title: Managing Manure Nutrients at Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations December 2004  
Author: Environmental Protection Agency
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Ecology, Natural resource issues, Environemtal protection
Collections: Environmental Awareness Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: United States Environmental Protection Agency

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Agency, E. P. (n.d.). Managing Manure Nutrients at Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations December 2004. Retrieved from http://worldebookfair.com/


Description
Excerpt: DISCLAIMER: This is a guidance manual and is not a regulation. It does not change or substitute for any legal requirements. While EPA has made every effort to ensure the accuracy of the discussion in this guidance, the obligations of the regulated community are determined by the relevant statutes, regulations, or other legally binding requirements. This guidance manual is not a rule, is not legally enforceable, and does not confer legal rights or impose legal obligations upon any member of the public, EPA, States, or any other agency. In the event of a conflict between the discussion in this document and any statute or regulation, this document would not be controlling. The word —should“ as used in this guidance manual does not connote a requirement, but does indicate EPA‘s strongly preferred approach to assure effective implementation of legal requirements. This guidance may not apply in a particular situation based upon the circumstances, and EPA, States and Tribes retain the discretion to adopt approaches on a case-by-case basis that differ from this guidance manual where appropriate. Permitting authorities will make each permitting decision on a case-by-case basis and will be guided by the applicable requirements of the CWA and implementing regulations, taking into account comments and information presented at that time by interested persons regarding the appropriateness of applying these recommendations to the particular situation. In addition, EPA may decide to revise this guidance manual without public notice to reflect changes in EPA‘s approach to implementing the regulations or to clarify and update text.

Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 A. Purpose of this Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 B. Scope of this Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 C. How To Use this Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 D. Other Related Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 E. Scope of CAFO Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3 F. CAFOs with No Potential to Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4 G. Comments on Managing Manure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5 CHAPTER 2: OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PRODUCTION AREA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 A. Design Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 1. Adequate Storage for Manure, Litter, and Process Wastewater . . . . . 2-5 2. No Discharge for Production Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 B. Proper Operation and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10 1. Liquid Storage Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11 2. Solid Storage Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19 3. Visual Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19 C. Mortalities, Direct Contact, and Chemical Disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21 1. Management of Animal Mortalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21 2. Direct Contact of Animals With Surface Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23 3. Disposal of Chemicals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23 D. Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24 E. Additional Voluntary Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25 1. Groundwater Protection Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-25 2. Lagoon Covers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26 3. Additional References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27 CHAPTER 3: PREPARING FOR LAND APPLICATION OF MANURE, LITTER, OR WASTEWATER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 A. Manure Sampling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 B. Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 C. Additional Voluntary Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 CHAPTER 4: OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND RECORDKEEPING REQUIREMENTS FOR THE LAND APPLICATION AREA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 A. Testing Protocols for Manure, Litter, and Soil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 1. Collecting Manure for Land Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 2. Manure Sampling and Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 3. Soil Sampling and Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 B. Protocols to Land Apply Manure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5 1. Nutrient Management Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6 2. Required Nutrient Man

 

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