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Socio-Economic Analysis and Policy Implications of the Roles of Agriculture National Synthesis Report India

By Ray, Shovan

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Book Id: WPLBN0000197285
Format Type: PDF eBook
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Title: Socio-Economic Analysis and Policy Implications of the Roles of Agriculture National Synthesis Report India  
Author: Ray, Shovan
Language: English
Subject: United Nations., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO agriculture series, Agriculture
Collections: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Digitizer: Fao


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Ray, S. (n.d.). Socio-Economic Analysis and Policy Implications of the Roles of Agriculture National Synthesis Report India. Retrieved from

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Excerpt: The Storyline The landmass and civilization of India are ancient, but the history of India?s economic development is short; that of change in agricultural practices and their cultural connotations even shorter. During long years of the British colonial rule agriculture had reached a situation of stagnation. Cultivation was done traditionally with ploughs and bullocks in most parts. Irrigation was based on rainfall during monsoons and runoff irrigation. Tanks and wells stored water for the long dry spells. Rural society was characterised by widespread poverty and malnutrition. Famines ravaged the country quite regularly but the administration took very little care beyond some relief measures. Successive empires before the British had tried to improve the productivity of agriculture in order to collect higher revenue from the natives. The British colony with the same intensions and to support the industrial metropolis tried improving the productivity of land with irrigation projects, reservoir dams and river diversions. But the cultivation technology remained virtually the same, which continued into the early decades of post-colonial India. The empire had given way to a democratic republic. Food shortages and droughts lent a sense of urgency to avoid famine conditions and attention was given to developing agriculture with modern practices. India?s green revolution was conceived at that time and the whole system was geared towards increased food production to remove food shortage, poverty and malnutrition. Tractors replaced bullocks in many parts and agriculture scientists informed improved cultivation methods. The inspiration for these changes was drawn from the exhortations of India?s Constitution and the compulsions of democratic politics.


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