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Application of Risk Assessment in the Fish Industry

By Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

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Book Id: WPLBN0000224690
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.5 MB
Reproduction Date: Available via World Wide Web.
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Title: Application of Risk Assessment in the Fish Industry  
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Language: English
Subject: United Nations., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO agriculture series, Agriculture
Collections: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Collection
Publication Date:
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Digitizer: Fao


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Agriculture Organization Of The United Nations, F. A. (n.d.). Application of Risk Assessment in the Fish Industry. Retrieved from

Nutrition Reference Publication

Electronic reproduction.

Excerpt: The use of risk assessment has gained steadily in importance and recognition as the scientifically-based approach for the development of food safety and quality standards. During recent years there has been increasing use of the word ?risk? in connection with food safety, in general, and seafood safety in particular. There are statements such as ?regulations must be risk-based?, ?a risk analysis must be done? and ?we need to communicate the risk to all stakeholders?. Where has this emphasis on risk come from? Probably it is a logical extension of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) revolution that swept the industry in the 1980s and 1990s. HACCP Principle 1 states that a hazard analysis must be done. First those hazards that are likely to occur are identified, then an assessment is made of the severity of each hazard, followed by an evaluation of its likelihood to occur. These two factors (severity and likelihood) tell us about risk. Another important drive towards risk assessment is the increase in international trade, which has raised new safety and quality challenges. Newer proactive quality and safety approaches have been developed to address the risk of cross-border transmission of infectious and hazardous agents and to deal with emerging food-borne diseases and quality problems. This has required the development of a new safety and quality regulatory framework that culminated with the entry into force, in 1995, of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) and the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Agreements of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Two provisions of these Agreements are of paramount importance to fish safety and quality ... National SPS and quality requirements should reflect standards agreed on in the international standards setting bodies i.e. Codex Alimentarius for food quality and safety.


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