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Plos One : Complete Genome Sequences of New Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Viruses from the Senescence-accelerated Mouse Sam ; Molecular and Phylogenetic Analyses, Volume 7

By Park, Man-seong

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Book Id: WPLBN0003935420
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Complete Genome Sequences of New Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Viruses from the Senescence-accelerated Mouse Sam ; Molecular and Phylogenetic Analyses, Volume 7  
Author: Park, Man-seong
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection
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Publisher: Plos

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Park, M. (n.d.). Plos One : Complete Genome Sequences of New Xenotropic Murine Leukemia Viruses from the Senescence-accelerated Mouse Sam ; Molecular and Phylogenetic Analyses, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://worldebookfair.com/


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Description : Approximately 10% of the mouse genome is constituted by endogenous retroviruses (ERVs), and a number of mouse ERVs remain active. Many copies of endogenous murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs) are detected in the genomes of inbred mouse strains. Some of these MuLVs are transcriptionally active or produce infectious virus particles. Previously, we identified partial env sequences of new xenotropic MuLVs (X-MuLVs) from a senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM) strain. In the present study, we investigated and characterized the complete sequences of the X-MuLVs. The complete genomes and open reading frames (ORFs) of two X-MuLVs, designated xmlv15 and xmlv18 (accession nos. HQ154630 and HQ154631, respectively), were molecularly cloned from the genome of the SAM mice. We confirmed that the xmlv15 and xmlv18 sequences are distinct from all known MuLV genomes and are most similar to DG-75 MuLV. Moreover, we found that common strains of laboratory mice carry our newly identified xmlvs. Additionally, the expression levels of xmlv15-related sequences were much higher in C57BL and ICR mice than in the SAM strains without any stimulators. Our findings suggest that a specific group of endogenous MuLVs is constitutively expressed in the brain and that they may participate in normal functions and/or pathogenic conditions.

 

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