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Seasonal and Diurnal Characteristics of Water Soluble Inorganic Compounds in the Gas and Aerosol Phase in the Zurich Area : Volume 6, Issue 7 (01/06/2006)

By Fisseha, R.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003994436
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 10
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Seasonal and Diurnal Characteristics of Water Soluble Inorganic Compounds in the Gas and Aerosol Phase in the Zurich Area : Volume 6, Issue 7 (01/06/2006)  
Author: Fisseha, R.
Volume: Vol. 6, Issue 7
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2006
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

APA MLA Chicago

Gutzwiller, L., Weingartner, E., Dommen, J., Fisseha, R., Gysel, M., Kalberer, M.,...Emmenegger, C. (2006). Seasonal and Diurnal Characteristics of Water Soluble Inorganic Compounds in the Gas and Aerosol Phase in the Zurich Area : Volume 6, Issue 7 (01/06/2006). Retrieved from http://worldebookfair.com/


Description
Description: Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), 5232 Villigen, Switzerland. Gas and aerosol samples were taken using a wet effluent diffusion denuder/aerosol collector (WEDD/AC) coupled to ion chromatography (IC) in the city of Zurich, Switzerland from August to September 2002 and in March 2003. Major water soluble inorganic ions; nitrate, sulfate, and nitrite were analyzed online with a time resolution of two hours for the gas and aerosol phase. The fraction of water soluble inorganic anions in PM10 varied from 15% in August to about 38% in March. Seasonal and diurnal variations of nitrate in the gas and aerosol phase were observed with more than 50% of the total nitrate in the gas phase during August and more than 80% of nitrate in the aerosol phase during March exceeding the concentration of sulfate by a factor of 2. Aerosol sulfate, on the other hand, did not show significant variability with season. However, in the gas phase, the SO2 concentration was 6.5 times higher in winter than in summer. Nitrous acid (HONO) also showed a diurnal variation in both the gas and aerosol phase with the lowest concentration (0.2–0.6 µg/m3) in the afternoon. The primary pollutants, NO, CO and SO2 mixing ratios were often at their highest between 04:00–10:00 local time due to the build up of fresh vehicle emission under a nocturnal inversion.

Summary
Seasonal and diurnal characteristics of water soluble inorganic compounds in the gas and aerosol phase in the Zurich area

 

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