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Danish Auroral Science History : Volume 2, Issue 1 (04/01/2011)

By Stauning, P.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004013477
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 28
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Danish Auroral Science History : Volume 2, Issue 1 (04/01/2011)  
Author: Stauning, P.
Volume: Vol. 2, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, History, Geo-
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2011
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Stauning, P. (2011). Danish Auroral Science History : Volume 2, Issue 1 (04/01/2011). Retrieved from http://worldebookfair.com/


Description
Description: Senior Scientist (Emeritus) at the Danish Meteorological Institute, Lyngbyvej 100, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Danish auroral science history begins with the early auroral observations made by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe during the years from 1582 to 1601 preceding the Maunder minimum in solar activity. Included are also the brilliant observations made by another astronomer, Ole Rømer, from Copenhagen in 1707, as well as the early auroral observations made from Greenland by missionaries during the 18th and 19th centuries. The relations between auroras and geomagnetic variations were analysed by H. C. Ørsted, who also played a vital role in the development of Danish meteorology that came to include comprehensive auroral observations from Denmark, Iceland and Greenland as well as auroral and geomagnetic research. The very important auroral investigations made by Sophus Tromholt are outlined. His analysis from 1880 of auroral observations from Greenland prepared for the significant contributions from the Danish Meteorological Institute, DMI, (founded in 1872) to the first International Polar Year 1882/83, where an expedition headed by Adam Paulsen was sent to Greenland to conduct auroral and geomagnetic observations. Paulsen's analyses of the collected data gave many important results but also raised many new questions that gave rise to auroral expeditions to Iceland in 1899 to 1900 and to Finland in 1900 to 1901. Among the results from these expeditions were 26 unique paintings of the auroras made by the artist painter, Harald Moltke. The expedition to Finland was headed by Dan la Cour, who later as director of the DMI came to be in charge of the comprehensive international geomagnetic and auroral observations made during the Second International Polar Year in 1932/33. Finally, the article describes the important investigations made by Knud Lassen during, among others, the International Geophysical Year 1957/58 and during the International Quiet Sun Year (IQSY) in 1964/65. With his leadership the auroral and geomagnetic research at DMI reached a high international level that came to be the background for the first Danish satellite, Ørsted, successfully launched in 1999 and still in operation.

Summary
Danish auroral science history

Excerpt
Angot, A.: Les aurores polaire, Félix Alcan, Paris, 1895.; Arrhenius, S.: Ueber die Ursache der Nordlichter, Kungl. Vetenskaps-Akademien, 5, 545–580, 1900.; Axford, W. I. and Hines, C. O.: A unifying theory of high-latitude geophysical phenomena and geomagnetic storms, Cann. J. Phys., 39, p. 1433, 1961.; Amdrup, G. C.: Observations astronomiques, meteorologiques et magnetiques de Tasiusak dans le district d'Angmagssalik 1898–99, G.E.C.Gad, Copenhague, 1904.; Bloch, F. P. E.: Obs. Godthaab Sept. 1841–Apr. 1846, in: Collectanea Meteorologica sub Auspiciis Societatis Scientarum Danicae, Edita Fasc, 1856.; Birkeland, K.: Sur les rayons cathodiques sous l'actions de forces magnetiques intenses, Archives de Sciences physiques et naturelles, (1), 497–512, 1896.; Birkeland, K.: Expédition norvégienne de 1899–1900 pour l'étude des auroras boréales, Kristiania Vid. Selsk. Skr. 1, nr.1, 80 pp., 1901.; Brahe, T.: Notes (handwritten) on observations made from Hven 1582–1597, K. K. Hofbibliothek Wien, nr. 10, 718.; Brekke, A. and Egeland, A.: The Northern Lights, Grøndahl & Dreyer, Oslo, 1994.; Bugge, T.: Om Nordlysets Indflytelse paa Magnetnaalens Declination iagttaget ved Godthaab i Grønland Aar 1786 til 1787 af Missionæren Herr Andreas Ginge, Kgl. Danske Vidensk. Academi Skrifter, Vol. III, 531–549, 1788.; Danielsen, Chr.: Auroral observations at Thule 1961–65, Dan. Meteor. Inst., Geofys. Medd. R-9, København, 1969.; Eather, R. H.: Majestic Lights, Amer. Geophys. Union, Washington DC, 1980.; Edlund, E.: Recherces sur l'induction unipolaire, l'electricité atmosphérique et l'aurore boréale, Kungl. Svenske Vetenskabs-akademiens Handlinger, Vol. 16, 36 pp., 1878.; Egedal, J.: The Lunar-diurnal Magnetic Variation and its Relation to the Solar-diurnal Variation, Terr. Magn. and Atm. Electr., 139–141, 1927.; Egedal, J.: On tides in the upper atmosphere, Nature, 124, p. 913, 1929.; Egedal, J.: On tides in the upper atmosphere, Dan. Meteor. Inst., Comm. Magn., 10, Copenhagen, 1930.; Egedal, J.: La haute atmosphere et les aurores, La Meteorologie, 4, 1937, Soc. Meteor. de France, Paris, 1937.; Egedal, J.: Observations of aurora from the Danish light-vessels during the years 1897–1937, Met. Inst. Nautisk-Meteorolog. Year Book, 1937, København, 1938.; Egede, H.: Det gamle Grønlands nye Perlustration eller Naturel Historie (English title: Greenland's New Perlustration), Kjøbenhavn, 1729.; Elster, J. and Geitel, H.: Ueber die Existenz electrischer Ionen in der Atmosphäre, Terrestrial Magnetism and atmospheric Electricity, December 1899.; Fearnley, F.: Bestemmelse af Nordlysets Høide ved Maalinger af en Iagttager, Christiania Vedsk. Selsk. Handlinger, 8, 117–140, 1859.; Feldstein, Y. I.: Some problems concerning the morphology of auroras and magnetic disturbances at high latitudes, Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 3, 183–192, 1963.; Fritz, H.: Die Beziehungen der Sonnenflecken zu den Magn. und Meteor. Erscheinungen, p. 219, in: Wochenscrift für Astronomie, Meteorologie und Geographie, No. 43, 1874.; Fritz, H.: Das Polarlicht, FA Brockhaus, Leipzig, 1881.; Fritz, S.: Remarks on the Winds, Clouds and Auroras on the Southwest coast of Greenland after 13 years Observations at Ivigtut. Met. Inst. Aarbog 1881, Del II, pp. VII–XVI, 1881.; Freuchen, P. B.: Om Nordlys, Fysisk Tidsskrift, København, 89–95, 1907.; Garde, V.: Nordlys-iagttagelser i Nanortalik (1883–85), Medd. om Grønland 9, 317–324, København, 1889.; Hahn, H.-M.: Über die Beziehungen der Sonnenfleckenperiode zu Meteorol. Erscheinungen, p. 129, 1877.; Hansteen, C.: On the polar lights, or aurora borealis and australis, Phil. Mag. 2, p. 234, 1827.; Heitman, J.: Physiske Betænkninger over Solens Varme, Luftens skarpe Kuld og Nordlyset, Universitetets Bogtrykkeri, København, 1741.; Hjort, V.: Observations magnetiques, in G. C. Amdrup: Observations astr

 

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